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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



19:1Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.
19:2And the soldiers having twined a crown of thorns, put upon his head, and they put round him a purple robe,
19:3And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they gave him blows with a rod.
19:4Then again went out Pilate without, and says to them, See, I lead him to you without, that ye might know that in him I find no fault.
19:5Then went forth Jesus without, bearing a crown of thorns, and a purple garment. And he says to them, Behold the man!
19:6When therefore the chief priests and attendants saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify, crucify. Pilate says to them, Take ye him, and crucify; for I find no fault in him.
19:7The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, for he made himself the Son of God.
19:8When Pilate heard this word, he was more afraid:
19:9And went into the pretorinm again, and says to Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
19:10Then says Pilate to him, Speakest thou not to me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to loose thee.
19:11Jesus answered, Thou bast no power against me, if it were not given thee from above: therefore he delivering me to thee has greater sin.
19:12From this Pilate sought to loose him: and the Jews cried out, saying, If thou loose this, thou art not Caesar's friend: every one making himself a king speaks against Caesar.
19:13Then Pilate having heard, brought Jesus without, and sat upon the judgment seat, in a place called Paved with ornamental stones; in Hebraic, Gabbatha.
19:14And it was the preparation of the pascha, and about the sixth hour: and he says to the Jews, Behold your King!
19:15And they cried, Take away, take away, crucify him. Pilate says to them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
19:16Then, therefore, delivered he him to them, that he might be crucified.
19:17And they took Jesus, and led away: and bearing his cross he went out into a place called Kranium, which in Hebraic is called Golgotha:
19:18Where they crucified him, and with him two others, hence and thence, and Jesus in the midst.
19:19And Pilate also wrote a title, and put upon the cross. And it was written, JESUS THE NAZARITE, KING OF THE JEWS.
19:20Then read many of the Jews this title: for the place was near the city where Jesus was crucified: and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, Roman.
19:21Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.
19:22Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written.
19:23Then the soldiers, when they crucified Jesus, took his garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part: and also the coat: and the coat was unsewn through the whole, having been woven from above.
19:24Then said they to one another, Let us not divide it, but let us draw lots for it, whose it shall be: that the writing might be completed, saying, They divided my garments to themselves, and upon my clothing cast they the lot. Then truly did the soldiers these things.
19:25And by the cross of Jesus stood his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
19:26Jesus then having seen the mother, and the disciple standing near, whom he loved, says to his mother, Woman, behold thy son!
19:27Then says he to the disciple, Behold thy mother And from that hour the disciple took her to his own.
19:28After this, Jesus knowing that all things were already completed, that the writing might be finished, says, I thirst.
19:29Then was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they having filled a sponge with vinegar, put upon hyssop, and brought near to his mouth.
19:30When Jesus therefore took the vinegar, he said, It has been finished: and having bent the head, he delivered up the spirit.
19:31Then the Jews, that the bodies remain not upon the cross in the sabbath, since it was the preparation, (for great was the day of that sabbath,) asked Pilate that their legs be broken, and they be taken away.
19:32Then came the soldiers, and truly brake the legs of the first, and of the other crucified with him.
19:33And upon having come to Jesus, when they saw him already dead, they brake not his legs:
19:34But one of the soldiers with a javelin pricked his side, and quickly came out blood and water.
19:35And he having seen has testified, and his testimony is true: and he knows that he says true, that ye might believe.
19:36For these were that the writing be completed, A bone of him shall not be broken.
19:37And again another writing. says, They shall look on whom they goaded.
19:38And after these, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, in secret, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might takeaway the body of Jesus: and Pilate conceded. He came then, and took the body of Jesus..
19:39And Nicodemus also came, he having come to Jesus at first by night, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about one hundred pounds.
19:40Then took they the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen bandages with spices, as the custom is to the Jews to prepare a body for interment.
19:41And in the place where he was crucified, was a garden; and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one was ever laid.
19:42There, therefore, on account of the Jews' preparation, because the tomb was near, they laid Jesus.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.