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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



13:1And before the feast of the pascha, Jesus knowing that his hour had come that he should pass out of this world to the Father, having loved his own in the world, he loved them to the end.
13:2And supper having been, the devil having already cast into the heart of Judas Iscariot, of Simon, that he should deliver him up;
13:3Jesus knowing that the Father has given all things to him into the hands, and that he came out from God, and retired to God;
13:4He arises from supper, and lays down the garments; and having taken a linen cloth, he girded himself.
13:5Then casts he water into a washing vessel, and began to wash the feet of the disciples, and to wipe with the linen cloth with which he was girded.
13:6And he comes to Simon Peter: and he says to him, Lord, washest thou my feet?
13:7Jesus answered and said to him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know after these.
13:8Peter says to him, Thou shouldest never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, Except I wash thee, thou hast no part with me.
13:9Simon Peter says to him, Lord, not my feet only, but the hands and head.
13:10Jesus says to him, He washed has no need but to have the feet washed, but is wholly clean: and ye are clean, but not all.
13:11For he knew him delivering him up, therefore he said, Ye are not all clean.
13:12When therefore he washed their feet; and took his garments, going to recline again, he said to them, Knew ye what I have done to you?
13:13Ye call one Teacher and Lord: and ye say well; for I am.
13:14If therefore, I washed your feet, the Lord and Teacher; ye also ought to wash the feet of one another:
13:15For I have given you a pattern, as I have done to you, also should ye do.
13:16Truly, truly I say to you The servant is not greater than his Lord; neither the sent greater than he having sent him.
13:17If ye know these, happy are ye if ye do them.
13:18I say not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the writing might be completed, He chewing bread with me lifted up his heel against me.
13:19From now I say to you before it shall be, that, when it should be, ye might believe that I am.
13:20Truly, truly, I say to you, He receiving whomsoever I shall send receives me; and he receiving me receives him having sent me.
13:21These things Jesus having spoken, was troubled in spirit, and he testified, and said, Truly, truly, I say to you, that one of you shall deliver me up.
13:22Then looked the disciples one upon another, being perplexed of whom he spake.
13:23And there was one of his disciples reclining on the bosom of Jesus, whom he loved.
13:24Then Simon Peter nodded to this one, to inquire who it might be of whom he speaks.
13:25And he reclining upon Jesus' breast says to him, Lord, who is it?
13:26Jesus answers, This is he to whom I, having dipped a small morsel, shall bestow. And having dipped the small morsel, he gives to Judas Iscariot, of Simon.
13:27And after the small morsel then came Satan into him. Then says Jesus to him, What thou doest, do quickly.
13:28And this none of the reclining knew for what he said to him.
13:29For some thought, since Judas had the small coffer, that Jesus says to him, Purchase of what we have need for the festival; or, that he might give something to the poor.
13:30He having taken the small morsel went quickly forth: and it was night when he then went forth.
13:31Jesus says, Now was the Son of man honoured, and God was honoured in him.
13:32If God were honoured in him, also shall God honour him in himself, and quickly shall he honour him.
13:33Little children, yet a little am I with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I said to the Jews, That where I retire, ye cannot come; and I say to you now.
13:34A new command give I to you, That ye love one another: as I loved you, that ye also love one another.
13:35In this all shall know that ye are disciples to me, if ye have love in one another.
13:36Simon Peter says to him, Lord, where retirest thou? Jesus answered him, Where I retire, thou shalt not be able to follow me now; and afterwards thou shalt follow me.
13:37Peter says to him, Lord, why can I not follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thee.
13:38Jesus answered, Wilt thou lay down thy life for me Truly, truly, I say to thee, The cock shall not utter a sound, till thou deny me thrice.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.