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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



18:1Jesus having said these, went out with his disciples beyond the torrent Kedron, where was a garden, into which he came, he and his disciples.
18:2And Judas also knew the place, he delivering him up: for Jesus was many times gathered there with his disciples.
18:3Then Judas, having taken a band and attendants from the chief priests and Pharisees, comes there with lights and torches and weapons.
18:4Jesus then, knowing all coming upon him, having come out, said to them, Whom seek ye
18:5They answered him, Jesus the Nazarite. Jesus says to them, I am. And Judas also, he delivering up, was standing with them.
18:6Then, when he said to them, That I am, they went away backward, and fell to the ground.
18:7Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus the Nazarite.
18:8Jesus answered, I said to you, that I am: if then ye seek me, leave these to retire:
18:9That the word might be completed which he spake, That whom thou hast given me, I lost none of them.
18:10Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and struck the chief priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. And the name to the servant was Malchus.
18:11Then said Jesus to Peter, Put thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father has given me, shall I not drink it
18:12Then the band and captain of a thousand and attendants of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
18:13And led him away to Annas first; for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was the chief priest that year.
18:14And Caiaphas was he having connselled the Jews, that it is profitable for one man to be destroyed for the people.
18:15And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and another disciple: and that disciple was known to the chief priest, and came together with Jesus to the hall of the chief priest.
18:16And Peter stood before the door without. Then went out the other disciple who was known to the chief priest, and spake to her guarding the door, and brought in Peter.
18:17Then says the young girl guarding the door to Peter, Art not thou also of this man's disciples? He says, I am not.
18:18And the servants and attendants stood, having made a heap of burning coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter was standing with them, and warming himself.
18:19Then the chief priest asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his teaching.
18:20Jesus answered him, I spake with freedom of speech to the world: I always taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, where the Jews were always come together; and I spake nothing in secret.
18:21Why askest thou me? ask those having heard, what I said to them: see, they know what I said.
18:22And he having said these things, one of the attendants standing by gave Jesus a blow with a rod, having said, Answerest thou the chief priest so?
18:23Jesus answered him, If I spake badly, testify of evil: and if well, why strikest thou me?
18:24(Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the chief priest.)
18:25And Simon Peter was standing, and warming himself. Then said they to him, Art thou not also of his disciples he denied, and said, I am not.
18:26Says one of the chief priest's servants, being of his family whose ear Peter cut off, Saw I not thee in the garden with him?
18:27Then Peter again denied: and quickly the cock uttered a sound.
18:28Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas to the pretorium: and it was early morning; and they came not into the pretorium, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the pascha.
18:29Then went Pilate out to them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man
18:30They answered and said to him, If he were not injurious, we had not delivered him to thee.
18:31Then said Pilate to them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. Then said the Jews to him, It is not lawful for us to kill any one:
18:32That the word of Jesus might be completed which he spake, giving a sign by what death he was about to die.
18:33Then came Pilate again into the pretorium, and asked Jesus, and said to him, Art thou the King of the Jews?
18:34Jesus answered him, Of thyself sayest thou this, or did others tell thee of me?
18:35Pilate answered, Much less am I a Jew; thy nation and the chief priests have delivered thee to me: What didst thou?
18:36Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, my servants had contended, that I be not delivered to the Jews; and now my kingdom is not hence.
18:37Then said Pilate to him, Art thou not then king? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am king. For this was I born, and for this came I into the world, that I testify to the truth. Every one being of the truth hears my voice.
18:38Pilate says to him, What is truth? And having said this, again went he out to the Jews, and says to them, I find no fault in him.
18:39But a custom is to you, that I loose one to you in the pascha: will ye therefore I should loose to you the King of the Jews
18:40Then cried they all again, saying, Not this, but Barabbas: and Barabbas was a robber.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.