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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



2:1And the third day was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there:
2:2And Jesus was also called, and his disciples, to the wedding.
2:3And wine having failed, the mother of Jesus says to him, They have no wine.
2:4And Jesus says to her, What to me and thee, woman mine hour comes not yet.
2:5His mother says to the servants, Whatever he says to you, do.
2:6And six stone water-buckets were placed there, according to the purification of the Jews, containing each two or three measures.
2:7Jesus says to them, Fill the water-buckets with water. And they filled them even up over.
2:8And he says to them, Draw now, and carry to the superintendent of the feast. And they carried.
2:9And when the superintendent of the feast tasted the wine having been water, and knew not whence it is: (and the servants knew, having drawn the water;) the superintendent calls the bridegroom,
2:10And says to him, Every man sets good wine first; and when they be intoxicated, then inferior: thou hast kept the good wine till now.
2:11This beginning of signs did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested his glory; and his disciples believed on him.
2:12After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they remained there not many days.
2:13And the pascha of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem,
2:14And found in the temple those selling oxen and sheep and doves, and money-changers sitting;
2:15And having made a scourge of ropes, he cast all out of the temple, also sheep, and oxen; and poured out the small coin of money-changers, and overturned the tables;
2:16And he said to those selling doves, Take away these things hence; make not the house of my Father a house of merchandise.
2:17And his disciples remembered that it is written, The zeal of thine house has eaten me up.
2:18Then answered the Jews and said to him, What sign shewest thou, that thou doest these things?
2:19Jesus answered and said to them, Loose this temple, and in three days will I raise it up.
2:20Then said the Jews, In forty-six years was this temple built, and wilt thou raise it up in three days?
2:21But he spake concerning the temple of his body.
2:22When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he said this to them; and they believed the writing, and the word which Jesus spake.
2:23And when he was in Jerusalem at the paseha, in the festival, many believed in his name, beholding his signs which he did.
2:24And Jesus himself trusted not himself to them, for he knew all,
2:25For also he had no need that any should testify concerning man: for he knew what was in man.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.