Textus Receptus Bibles
Wessex Gospels c.1175
|3:1||Note: Anno quinto decimo tyberij cesaris. Soðlice þam fiftendan geare þas caiseres an-wealdes tyberij. be-ginnenden þam pontiscen pilate iudea þeode. foerðan dæles rice galilëë herode. philippe hys broder. feorðan dæles rice iturie. & þas riche traconitidis. & lisania abiline feorðan dæles rica.|
|3:2||under þare sacerde ealdres anna & chaifa. godes word wæs ge-worðan ofer zacharias sune on westene.|
|3:3||& he com into eall Iordanes riche bodiende. deadbote fulluht & synne for-gyfenesse|
|3:4||swa hit awriten ys on ysaias bech þas witegan. Clepiende stefn on westene. ge-garewiað drihtenes weig dod his siðas rihte.|
|3:5||Ælch dane beoð ge-feld. & ælch munt & beorh beoð ge-niðered. & þwuru beoð on ge-rihte. & ungerydu on smeðe weges.|
|3:6||& ælc flæsc ge-sihð godes hæle.|
|3:7||Soðlice he cwæð to þam mægen þe ferden þæt hyo wæren fullode fram hym. Eale næddrene kyn hwa atewedo (sic) eow þæt ge fleon fram þam towearde eorre.|
|3:8||Doð eornestlice deadbote wæstmes. & ne on-ginnen ge cweðen. we hæbbed us to fader abraham. Ich segge eow þæt god is swa mihtig þæt he maig of þisen stanen abrahames bearn aweccan.|
|3:9||Nu ys syo æx asett. to þas treowas wirtrumen. Witodlice ælch treow þe ne brincd godne wæstme beoð for-corfan & on fyr aworpen.|
|3:10||Ða axoden hine þa manige & cwæðen; hwæt do we.|
|3:11||Þa cwæð he to heom. se þe hafð twege tunekan. sylle þam þe næfð. & þam ge-lice do se þe metes hæfð|
|3:12||Ða comen þa manfulle þæt hy aþwegene wæren. & cwæðen to hym lareow hwæt do we.|
|3:13||Þa cwæð he ne do ge naht mare þanne þæt eow ge-sett ys.|
|3:14||Ða axoseden (sic) hine þa cempan & cwæðen. & hwæt do we. Þa sæde he heom. ne sla ge nanne man. Ne täle ne doð. & beoð eð-healde on eowren andlyfenum.|
|3:15||Soðlice þam folce wenenden & eallen on heore heorten þencenden be Iohanne hwæder he crist wære.|
|3:16||Ða andswerede Iohannes heom eallen seggenden. Witodlice ic eow an watere fullige. Soðlice kymð strengre þanne ich; þas ich nem wurðe þæt ich hys scoþwang un-cnytte. Heo eow fulled on halgen gaste. & on fyre.|
|3:17||& his fann is on his handa. & he fermed hys bernes flore. & gadered hys hwæte in-to hys berne. þæt chæf he for-bernð on un-acwenctelice fyre.|
|3:18||Manega oðre þing bodiende. He þæt folc lærde.|
|3:19||Herodes se feorðan dæles rica þa he wæs fram him ge-þread. be þare herodiscan his broder wife & be eallen yfelen þe herodes dyde.|
|3:20||& ofer eall þæt ge-icte þæt he be-clysde Iohanne on cwarterne.|
|3:21||Soðlice wæs ge-worðan þa eall þæt folc wæs ge-fullod. & þam hælende ge-fulloden & ge-biddenden. heofene wæs ge-opened|
|3:22||& se halga gast astah lichamlicere an-syna on hine swa an culfre & stefne wæs of heofene ge-worðan & þus cwæð. Ðu ert min ge-corena sune on þe me ge-likeð.|
|3:23||& se hælend wæs on ylde swilce þrittige wintre. þæt men wenden þæt he wære Iosepes sune. Se wæs heliges sune.|
|3:24||- vs. se wæs nazareth. swa of cneornysse on cneornysse oððe adam. Se wæs godes sunu oð fif & hund-seofentig cneornisse.|
Wessex Gospels c.1175
The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.
- The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English without the Latin.
- The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
- Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
- The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
- Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
- Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
- MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
- MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
- Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
- Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.
Why is this important?
- Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
- The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
- The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
- The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)