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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

7:1Note: Nolite iudicare ut non iudicabimini. R. Nellen ge demen. þæt ge ne syen fordemde.
7:2Witodlice þam ilcan dome. þe ge demeð. eow beoð ge-demed. & on þam ylcan gemette þe ge meteð. eow beð ge-meten.
7:3To hwi gesihst þu þæt mot on þines broðer eagen. & þu ne ge-sihst þanne beam on þinen agenen eagen.
7:4Oððe hu-mæte cwæðst þu to þine breðer. broðer þafe þæt ic ut do þæt mot of þinen eagen. þonne se beam beoð on þinen agenen eagen.
7:5Læt þu liketere. ä-do ærest ut þanne beam of þinen agenen eagen. & be-hawe þanne þæt þu ut do þæt mot of þines broðer eagen.
7:6Nellen ge syl þæt hilige (sic) hunden. ne ge-wurpen eowre mere-groten to-foren eowren swinen. þy læs hye mid hyra fotan hyo tofortredan. & hyo þanne ne on-gean ne wend eow to-slyten.
7:7Byddeð. & eow beoð ge-seald. secheð. & ge hit findeð. cnokieð. & eow beoð untynd.
7:8Witodliche ælch þare þe bit he on-fehð. & se þe sechð. he hyt fint, & þan cnokienden beoð un-tyned.
7:9Hwilc man is of eow gyf his sune hym bit hlafes. selst þu him stan.
7:10Oððe gyf he him bit fissces. sylst þu him næddren.
7:11Eornestlice nu ge þe yfele synt cunnan god eowre bearnen syllen. mycele ma eowre fæder þe on heofene ys sylleð god þan þe hine biddað.
7:12Eornestlice ealle þa þing þe ge willen þæt men eow don. doð ge heom þæt sylfe. þæt ys soðlice lage. & witegena be-bod.
7:13Ganged enn (sic) þurh þæt narewe geat. for-þan þæt geat ys swiðe wid. & se weig is swiðe rum þe to for-spillendnysse gelæt. & swiðe manige synde þe þurh þane weig fareð.
7:14Eala hu nara & hu angsum ys þæt geat. & se weig. þe to lyfe ge-læt. & swiðe feawe synde þe þanne weig findeð.
7:15Note: Attendite á falsis prophetis. R. Warnieð eow wið leasan witegen þe cumeð to eow on sceapene kertlen. ac hyo beoð innenan reafiende wulfas.
7:16Fram heora wæstman ge hyo under-gyteð. Cweðst þu. gadered man win-berian of þornen. oððe fïc-epple of þyrn-cinum.
7:17Swa ælch god treow byrð gode wæstmes. & ælch efel treow byrað yfele wæstmes.
7:18Ne mæg þæt gode treo beren yfele wæstmes. ne þæt yfele treo gode wæstmas.
7:19Ælch treow þe ne bered godne wæstme. syo hit for-corfen. & on fer aworpen.
7:20Witodlice be heora wæstman ge hyo on-cnawað.
7:21Ne gæð ælch þara on heofene riche þe cwyð to me drihten drihten. ac se þe wyrcð mines fæder willen þe on heofene ys. se gæð on heofene riche.
7:22Manege cweðeð on þam daige to me drihten drihten. hu ne witegeden we on þinen namen. & on þinan namen we ut-awurpen deofel of mannen. & on þinen name we worhte mychele wundre & mihte.
7:23Þanne cweðe ich to heom. þæt ich eow næfre ne cuðe. Ge-wïtoð fram me. ge þe worhten un-rihtwisnysse.
7:24Eornestlice ælch þare þe þas mine word ge-hereð & þa werceð beoð gelic þam wisen were se his hus ofer stan ge-tymbrede.
7:25þa com þær ren & michel flod. & þær bleowan windas & ahruron on þæt hus. & hit naht ne feoll. Soðlice hit wæs ofer stan ge-tymbred.
7:26& ælch þare þe ge-hyrð þas mine word & þa ne werceð. se beoð ge-lich þan desien men. þe getymbrede hys hus ofer sand-chisel.
7:27Þa rinde hyt. & þær com flod. & bleowen windes. & aruren on þt hus. & þt hus feol. & his ryre wæs mychel.
7:28Ða wæs ge-worðen þa se hælend þas word lærde & ge-endode. þa wundrede þæt folc. hys lare.
7:29Soðlice he lærde swilce he anweald hæfde. & na swa swa heore bokeras & sunder-halgan.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)