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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

23:1Þa spræc se hælend to þam folke. & to his leorning-cnihten.
23:2& quoth. bokeres. & pharisei. sæten ofer moyses lareow-setl.
23:3healdeð & wyrcað swa hwæt swa hyo seggað. & ne do ge na æfter heore wercan. Hyo seggeð & ne doð
23:4hyo bindeð hefige byrdene. þe man abere ne mæg. & leggeð þa up-on mannen exlan. & nelled hie þa mid heora fingre æt-hrinan.
23:5Ealle heore werc hyo doð þt men hyo ge-seon. hyo tobredeð heora halsbec. & marsiað heora reafe fnæde.
23:6Hyo lufieð þa fermestan setlen on beorscipan. & þa fermeste lareow-setlen on ge-samnengen.
23:7& þt hy men grete on stræten. & þt hy man manne lareowes nemnie.
23:8Ne gerne ge þt man eow lareowes nemnie. An ys eower lareow. Ge synde ealle ge-broðre.
23:9& ne nemnie ge eow fæder ofer eorðan. an ys eower fæder se þe on heofene ys.
23:10Ne eow man ne nemnie lareowes. for þam ane crist ys eower lareow.
23:11Se þe eower yldest byo. syo se eower þeing.
23:12Witodlice se þe hine up-ähefð. se beoð ge-neþered. & se þe hine selfne ge-eadmet. se beoð up-ahafen.
23:13Wa eow bokeras & farisei lickeras for-þam ge be-lukeð heofene rice be-foran mannen. Ne ge in ne gað. ne ge ne geþafiað. þt oðre ingan.
23:14---
23:15Wa eow bokeres & farisei liceteras for-þam. ge befareð sæ. & eorðan þt ge don ænne ealðeodigene. & þanne he ge-wurðin beoð ge ge-doð hine helle bearn. twifealdlicor þanne eow.
23:16Wa eow blinde liceteras ge seggeð swa hwylce swa swereð on temple þt is naht. swa hwa swa swerað on þas temples golde. se ys sceldig.
23:17Eale ge desigen & blindan hwæðer ys mare ðe þt gold þe þt tempel þe þt gold halgað.
23:18& swa hwa swa swereð on þam weofede þt ys naht. Swa hwilc swa swereð on þare ofrunge þe ofer þt weofed ys se is geltig.
23:19Eale ge blinde hwæðer is mare þe offreng þe þt weofod þe ge-halgod þa offrenge.
23:20Witodlice se þe swereð on weofode. he swereð on him & on eallen þan þe him ofer synt.
23:21& se þe swereð on temple he swereð on him. & on þam þe him on eardiað.
23:22& se þe swereð on heofenan he swereð on godes þrim-settel. & on þam þe ofer þt sit.
23:23Wa eow bokeres & farisei. liceteres ge þe teoðiað mintan dyle & cumin & for-leten þa þing þe synde hefegeren. þære lage dom. & mildheortnysse. & geleafan. þas þing hit geberede. þt ge dydon. & þa oðre ne for-leten.
23:24La blinde latteowas ge drenieð þanne gnet aweig. & drinceð þa olfend.
23:25Wa eow bokeres. & farisei liceteras. for-þam ge clænsiað þt wið-utan þas calices & disscas. & ge synt innan fule reaflakes & unclænnysse.
23:26Eala þu blinde fariseus. clænse ærest þt wið-innan ys. calices & discas (sic) þt hit sye clæne þæt wið-uten ys.
23:27Wa eow bokeres & pharisei liceteras. for-þam ge synde gelïc hwite beriene. þa þinceð mannen uten wlytige. & hyo sinden innan fulle deadera banen. & ealre felðe.
23:28& swa ge atewiað uton mannen riht-wisnisse. innen ge synd fulle licetenge & unrihtwisnysse.
23:29Wa eow bokeres & farisei liceteras. ge þe tymbrieð witegene byregene. & glencgað rihtwisere ge-mynd-stowe.
23:30& ge cwæðeð gyf we wæron on uren fæderen dagen nære we heora ge-feren on þare witegane blodes gyte.
23:31Witodlice ge synd eow sylfe to ge-witnesse. þt ge synd þare bearn. þe of-slogen þa witegen.
23:32& ge-fylle ge þt ge-met eowra fædera.
23:33Eale ge næddra & neddrena kyn. hwi fleo ge fram helle dome.
23:34Ic sende to eow witegan & wise bokeres. & ge hyo of-sleað. & hoð & swingeð on eowren somnungan. & ge hye ehtað of bery an berig.
23:35þæt ofer eow cume ælc rihtwis blod. þe wæs agoten ofer eorðan. fram abeles blode þas rihtwisan. oððe zacharias blode barachias sune. þane ge of-slogen be-tweox þam temple & þam weofede.
23:36Soð ic segge eow. ealle þas þing cumeð ofer þas cneornisse.
23:37Eala ierusalem eala ierusalem þu þe þa witegan of-slyhst. & mid stanen of-torfest þa þe to þe asende synden. Swiðe oft ic wolde þine bearn gegaderian swa syo henn hyre chikene under hyre fiþera gegadereð. & þu noldest.
23:38Witodlice nu beoð eower hus eow weste for-lætene.
23:39Soð ic segge eow ne seo ge me heonan-forð ær þam þe ge seggen syo ge-bletsod se þe com on drihtnes namen.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)