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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

16:1& þa ge-nehlahten him to pharisei & saducei. & costned & beedden hine Note: MS. beed hine den (over erasure). þt he heom sum taken of heofene äteawede.
16:2Ða andswerede he heom & cwæð. On æfen ge cweðeð to-morgen hit beoð smolt weder. þis heofene is read.
16:3& on morgen ge cwedeð to-daig hit beoð reu Note: MS. ren. weder. þeos lift scinð un-wederliche. nu cunne ge to-cnawen heofenes heow. witodlice ge ne mugen witen þare tide tackne.
16:4Seo yfele cneorys. & unriht-hamende tacne secð & hire ne beoð ge-seald bute ionases tacne þas witege. & þa ferde he & heom for-lëët.
16:5& his leorning-cnihtes comen ofer þanne muþan. & hyo for-gæten þæt hyo hlafes naman.
16:6& þa sægdon he. gymeð & warniað eow fram þam bearman fariseorum & saduceorum.
16:7þa þohten hyo be-twux heom & cwæðen. nimen we hlafes mid üs.
16:8Ða se hælend wiste heore þankes he cwæð to heom. hwæt þence ge be-tweox eow. litles ge-leafan. þæt ge hlafes næbbeð
16:9ne understande ge gyt ne ne ge-þenceð þare fif hlafe & þare fif þusende manne. & hu fele wiliene ge naman?
16:10& þare seofe hlafen. & fewer þusende manne. & hu fele wilian ge namen?
16:11Hwi ne on-gyte ge geot þæt ich ne saigde be hlafe warniað Note: MS. warniad. eow fram þam beorman fariseorum & saduceorum.
16:12þa on-gæten hy þt he ne sæde warniað fram hlafe beorman ac fram lare fariseorum & saduceorum.
16:13Note: Uenit iesus in partes cesaréé philippi. R. Witodlice þa com se hælend on þa dæles cesarëë philippi. & axode hys leorning-cnihtes hwet seggeð Note: MS. segged. menn þæt sy mannes sunu.
16:14Ða cwæðen hyo sume Iohannen þanne fulluhtere. sume heliam. sume ieremiam. oððe an þare witegan.
16:15Ða sæide he. hwæt segge ge þæt ich syo.
16:16Ða andswerede hym petrus. Þu eart þas lefiendes godes sunu.
16:17þa andswerede hym se hælend. eadig ert þu simon culfran bearn. for-þan hyt þe ne openeð ne un-wreag flæsc ne blod ac min fader þe on heofene ys.
16:18& ich segge þe þæt þu ert petrus. & ofer þisne stan ich ge-tymbrie mine chyrcan. &. helle gate ne magen on-gean þa.
16:19Ænd þe ich sylle heofena riches kaigen. & swa hwæt swa þu ofer eorþan gebindast. þæt beoð on hefene gebundon. & swa hwæt swa þu un-bindst on eorþan. þt beoð unbundon on heofene.
16:20Note: Ascendens iesus ierosolimam assumpsit duodecim discipulos suos & ait illis Ecce & cetera. R. Þa bebead se hælend hys leorning-cnihtes þæt hyo nanen men ne sæden þæt he wære hælend crist.
16:21Seððen he on-gan swutelian hys leorning-cnihten þæt he wolde faran to ierusalem. & fele þinge þolian fram yldren & bokeren. & ealdor-mannen. þara sacerda & beon of-slagen. & þridden daige arisen.
16:22And þa ge-nam petrus hine on-sundren. & cweð to him. drihten ne ge-wurðe þæt.
16:23þa be-seah he hine. & cwæð to petre. gang befte me sathanas. wiðer-ræde þu ert me. for-þan þu nast þa þing þe synd godes ac þa þe synde manne.
16:24Note: Si quis uult uenire post me abneget semetipsum. R. Ða sæde se hælend hys leorning-cnihten. Gif hwa wile felgian me. wiðsake hine selfne. & neme hys rode & me felgie.
16:25Soðlice se þe wile his sawle ge-hæle ge-don he hio for-spille. & se þe wile hyo for me for-spille. se hyo fint.
16:26hwæt fremað anigen men. þah he ealne middan-eard ge-strynieð Note: MS. gescrynieð. gif he his sawle for-wyrð þolieð. Oððe hwilc ge-wrixl sylð. se man for his sawle.
16:27witodlice mannes sunu ys to cumene on his fæder wuldre mid hys ænglen. & þanne agelt he æig-hwilcan be his agenen mede.
16:28Soðlice ich segge eow sume synd her standende þe deað ne onberiað. ær hyo seoð mannes sune cumende on hys fæder riche.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)