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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

4:1Note: Ductus est iesus in desertum a spiritu ut temptaretur á diabolo. R. Þa wæs se hælend gelæd fram gaste on westen. þæt he wære fram deofle gecostned.
4:2& þa þa he feste feortig dæges & feortig nihta. þa ongan hym syððan hingrian.
4:3And þa geneahleahte se costnigend. & cwæð. Gyf þu godes sune syo. cwæð þæt þas stanes syen to hlafe gewordan.
4:4Ða andswerede se hælend. Hit ys awriten. ne leofað se man be hlafe anum. ac be ælce worden þe of godes muðe gæð.
4:5Þa gebrohte se deofel hine on þa halgan ceastre. & asette hine ofer þas temples heahnysse.
4:6& cwæð to him. Gyf þu godes sune ert. asend þe þanne niðer. Soðlice hit ys awritan þæt he his englen bebead be ðe. þæt hyo þe on heora hande bæren. þe læs þe þin fot æt stane æt-sperne.
4:7Þa cwæð se hælend eft to him. Hit is awriten. ne costne þu drihten þinne god.
4:8Eft se deofel hine nam. & ledde hine on swiðe heagene munt. & ateowede hym ealne midden-eardes riche. & hire wuldor.
4:9& cwæð to him. Ealle þas ic gyfe þe. gif þu feallende. to me ge-eadmedst.
4:10Ða cwæð se hælend to him. Gang þu succa on-bæc. Soðlice hit is awriten. to drihtne þine gode þu þe ge-eadmestð (sic). & him ane þeowast.
4:11Ða for-let se deofel hine. & ængles geneahlacten & him þegneden.
4:12Soðlice þa se hælend gehyrde þæt Iohannes belæwed wæs. þa ferde he to galilea
4:13& forlætenre þare cheastre nazareht. he com & eardode on capharnaum on þam se-gemærum on ende zabulon & neptalim
4:14þaet wære gefylled þæt þe gecwæðen wæs þurh isaiam þanne witegan.
4:15is omitted. Note: Ver.
4:16Ðeode folc þe on þeostrum sæt geseah mychel leoht. & sittende on eorðe deaðes scede ys leoht up a-sprungan.
4:17Seoððan ongan se hælend bodian & cweðen. doð dead-bote soðlice heofene rice geneahlæcheð.
4:18Note: Ambulans iesus íuxta mare galiléé uidit petrum et andream fratrem eius. R. Ða se hælend eode wið þa galileissan sæ. he geseah twegen gebroðren symonem se wæs nemned petrus & andreas hys broðer. sendende heora nett on þa sæ. Soðlice hyo wæren fissceres.
4:19& he sægde heom. Cumeð æfter me. & ic do þæt gyt beoð manna fisceras.
4:20& hyo þær-rihte forlæten heora nyt & hym felgdon.
4:21& þa he þanen eode he seah twegen oðre gebroðrum iacobum zebedei & iohannem his broðrer (sic). on scype mid heora fæder zebedeo. reniende heora nett. & he cleopede hyo.
4:22Hyo þa sona forleten heore net. & heora fader. & him felgdon.
4:23And þa beferde se hælend eall galilëë. lærende on heora somnunge. & he wæs bodiende godspell. þas rices. & hælende ælche adle. & ælce untrumnysse on þam folce.
4:24& þa ferde his hlise into alle syriam. & hyo brohton to hym ealle yfel-hæbbende mistlichen adlen. & on tintregon gegripene. & þa þe deofel-seocnysse hæfdon. & moneðseoke. & lamen. & he þa gehælde.
4:25& hym felgdon mycele menige fram galilea. & fram decapoli. & fram ierusalem. & fram iudea. & fram begeonden iordanen.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)