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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

9:1Þa astah he on scyp & ofer-seglede & com on his ceastre
9:2þa brohten hyo hym enne lamen on bedde liggend. þa ge-seah se hælend heora ge-leafan. ænd cwæð to þam lamen. la barn ge-lef. þe beoð þine synne for-gefene.
9:3Ða cwæðen sume þa bokeres heom beo-twenen. Þes specð bismere-spræce.
9:4þa se hælend ge-seah hire ge-þanc. þa cwæð he. to hwi þence ge yfel on eowren heorten.
9:5hwæt ys eaðlicere to cweðenne þe beoð forgefene þine synna. oððe to cweðene aris & ga.
9:6þæt ge soðlice witon þæt mannes sunu hafð anwald on eorþan synnen to for-gefene. þa cwæð he to þam lamen aris nym þin bed. & gang on þin hus.
9:7& he aras & ferde to his huse.
9:8Soðlice þa þa syo manige þis ge-seagen. þa on-dredden hyo heom & wuldredon god þe sealde swilcne anweald mannen.
9:9Þa se hælend þanen ferde. he ge-seah enne mann sittende æt tol-scamele. þas name wæs matheus. & he cwæð to hym. gefelge me. & he aras & felgide him.
9:10& hit wæs ge-worðen. þa he sæt innen huse & þa coman manega manfulle. & synfulle. & sæten mid þam hælende & hys leorning-cnihten.
9:11Ða þa sinder-halgan þis ge-sægen. þa cweðen hyo to his leorning-cnihten. hwi is eower lareow mid sinfullen & manfullen.
9:12& se hælend cweð þe þis ge-hyrde. Nis halen læches nan þarf. ac seoken.
9:13gad soðlice & leornieð hwæt is. ich wille mildhertnysse næs onsægdnisse. Soðlice ne com ich rihtwise to ge-cheigene ac þa synfulle.
9:14Ða ge-neahlahten iohannes leorning-cnihtes to him. & þus cwæðen. hwi feste we. & þa sunder-halgan ge-lomliche. Sodlice þine leorning-cnihtes ne fæsteð.
9:15Se hælend cwæð to heom. Cweðe ge sculon þas bredguman cnihtas wepan þa hwile þe se bredgume mid heom beoð. Soðlice þa dages cumeð þe se bredgume byð aferred fram heom. & þanne on þan dagen hyo fæsted.
9:16Ne deð witodlice nan man niwes claðes scyp on eald reaf. he to-bræcð his stede on þa reafe. & se scyte (sic) beoð þa werse.
9:17Ne hyo ne doð niwe win on ealde bytton gyf hyo doð. þa bytton beoð to-brokene. & þt win agoten. & þa bytton for-wurðeð. Ac hyo doð niwe win on niwe bytten & ægðer beoð ge-healden.
9:18Þa he þas þing to heom spræc þa genehlahte an aldor & ge-eadmede hine þus cweðende. Drihten min dohter ys dead. Ac cum & sete þine hand up-on hyo & hye lefeð.
9:19& se hælend aras. & felgede hym. & his leorning-cnihtes.
9:20Ænd þa an wif þe þolede blod-rine twelf gear ge-neahlahte wið-æften. & æt-ran his reafes fned.
9:21hyo cwæð soðlice on hire mode. for an ich byo hal gyf ich his reafes æt-rine.
9:22& se hælend be-wende hine & hyo ge-seah & cwæð. Ge-lyf dohter þin ge-leafe þe helde. & þæt wif wæs ge-hæled on þare tide.
9:23Ænd þa se hælend com in-to þas ealdres halle. & he geseah hwistleres & hlydende menigeo.
9:24he cwæð. Gað heonen. nis þis mægdon dead. soðlice ac hyo slæpð. & hye teldan hine.
9:25& he þa menigeo ut-draf. he geode in. & nam hire hand. & þt mægden aras.
9:26& þes hlisa sprang ofer al þæt land.
9:27Ða se hælend þanen for. þa fylgdon hym twegen blinde remende & cweðende. Lä dauiðes sunu ge-miltse unc.
9:28Soðlice þa he ham com. þa blinde ge-neahlahte hym to. & se hælend cwæð to heom. ge-lyfe gyt þæt ich eow maig ge-hælen. Hyo cwæðen to hym witodlice drihten.
9:29þa æt-ran he heora eagen cweðende syo inc æfter yncre ge-leafen.
9:30& heora eagen wæren untynde. & se hælend be-bead heom cweðende. warnieð þæt ge hyt nane men ne seggen.
9:31Hyo soðlice ut-gangende ge-wið-mærsedon hine ofer eal þt land.
9:32Þa hyo wæron soðlice ut-äganne. hyo brohten him dumbne man se wæs deofel-seoc.
9:33& ut-adrifene þam deofle se dumbe spræc. & þa menigeo wundredon cweðende. Næfre ateowede swilc on israele folke.
9:34Soðlice þa sunder-halgene cwæðen on deofla ealdre he drifð ut deofle.
9:35Ænd se hælend emb-for ealle burga ænd chestra lærende on hire samnunge & bodiende Note: MS. bodiendiende. rices godspel. & hælende ælche adle. & ælche untrumnysse.
9:36He gemiltsede soðlice þare manigeo. þa he hyo geseah. forþan hyo wæren ä-dreahte & liggende swa swa scep þe heorde næbbeð.
9:37Ða he sægde his leorning-cnihton. witodlice mycel rip ys. & feawe ripmen.
9:38biddað þas ripes hlaford þt he sende ripten (sic) to his ripe.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)