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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

17:1& æfter six dagen nam se hælend petrum & Iacobum & Iohanne his broðer. & lædde hyo on-sunder on enne heahne munt.
17:2& he wæs geheoweð beforen heom. & hys ansiene scan swa sunne. & his reaf wæren swa hwite swa snaw.
17:3ænd efne þa atywde moyses & elias mid him sprekende.
17:4þa cwæð petrus to hym. drihten god is us her to beonne. gif þu wilt utan wercan her þreo earding-stowen. þe ane. moyses ane. & helie ane.
17:5hym þa gët sprecende. & soðlice þa briht-welcan hyo ofer-scan. & þa efne com stefen of þam wolcne & cwæð. Her ys min leofe sunu. on þan me well ge-likað. ge-hereð hine.
17:6& þa hye þis ge-hyrden his leorning-cnihtes hyo fellen on heora ansiene. & hym swiðe adredden.
17:7He ge-neahlahte þa & hyo æt-ran & heom to cwæð. Ariseð & ne on-drædeð eow.
17:8Þa hyo heora eagen up-ähofen ne geseagen hyo nanne buton þanne hælend sylfne.
17:9& ða hyo of þa munte eoden se hælend heom be-bead. & þus cweð. Nanen men ge þis ne seggen ær mannes sune of deaðe arise.
17:10And þa axoden hys leorning-cnihtes hine Hwet seggeð Note: MS. segged. þa bokeres. þæt ge-berige ærest cuman heliam.
17:11Þa andswerede he heom. Witodlice helias ys toward & he ge-edniwað ealle þing.
17:12Soðlice ich eow segge þæt helïas com & hyo hine ne ge-cneowen. Ac hyo dyden embe hine swa hwæt swa hyo wolden. & swa ys mannes sune eac fram heom to þrowienne.
17:13Þa on-geaten hys leorning-cnihtes þæt he hit saigde be iohanne þam fulluhtere.
17:14Ænd þa he com to þare manigeo him to ge-nehlahten sume ge-byggenden cneowen to-foren him & cwæðen.
17:15Drihten gemiltse minne sune. for-þan þe he ys wel-seoc. & yfel þoleð. oft he falð on fyr. & gelomlice on wætere.
17:16& ich brohte hine to þinen leorning-cnihten. & hyo ne myhton hine hælen.
17:17Ða andswerede he heom. Eale ge un-geleaffulle. & þweore cneores. hu lange byo ich mid eow. hu lange for-bere ich eow? bringeð hine to me hider.
17:18Ænd þa þredde se hælend hine. & se deofel hine for-let. & se cnapa wæs on þare tide ge-hæled.
17:19Þa ge-neahlahten his leorning-cnihtes to hym. & hym to cwæðen. digelice. Hwi ne mihte we hine ut-adrifen.
17:20Ða cwæð he for heora ungeleaffulnysse. Soðlice on eornest ic eow segge. gyf ge hafden ge-leafan swa mycel swa senepes corn. & ge cwæðen to þissen munte. far heonen. þanne ferde he. & eow ne byeð anyg þing un-myhtig-lic.
17:21Soðlice þis kyn ne beoð ut-adrifen buten þurh gebed & fæsten.
17:22Ða hyo wunedon on galilea. þa cwæð se hælend. Mannes sune is to syllene on manne hande.
17:23& hyo of-slað hine. & he arist on þam þriddan daige. Þa wurðon hyo þearle ge-unrotsede.
17:24Ænd þa he com to kafarnaum. þa ge-neahlahton to petre. þa þet gafel namen. & þus cweðen. Eower lareow ne gylt he gafel.
17:25þa cwæð he. gyse he deð. & þa he com in-to þam huse. þa cwæð se hælend. Hwæt þincð Note: MS. þincd. þe symon. æt hwam nymeð Note: MS. nymed. kyninges gafol. oððe toll. of hire bernen. hwæðer þe of fremden.
17:26Ða cwæð he of fremden. Ða cwæð he. Eornestlice þa barn senden frie.
17:27þah-hwæðere. þæt we hi ne Note: MS. hine, with ne added above. unrotsige. gä to þare sæ. & werp þinne angel ut & nym þanne æreste fisc. & his muð ge-opene. þu finst ænne penig on him. nym þanne & syle for me & for þe.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)