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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

21:1Ænd þa he ge-neahlahte ierusalem. & com to bethfage. to oliuete dune. þa sente he his twegan leorning-cnihtes
21:2& saigde heom. Fareð to þam castelle þet foren on-gen eow ys. and þanne sone finde ge ane assene ge-teiggede. & hire folen mid hire. un-tegeð hio. & ladeð to me.
21:3& gyf hwa anyg þing eow to-cweð. seggeð þæt drihten hafeð þises neode. þanne for-let he eow rædlice.
21:4Eall þis wæs geworðen þæt wære ge-filled þæt þurh ysaiam þanne witega ge-cweðen wæs.
21:5Seggeð heahnysses dohter nu þin kyning kymð þe to. ge-dafte & rit uppon tamere assene & hire folan.
21:6& þa ferde hys leorning-cnihtas & dydon swa he heom be-bead.
21:7& lædde þa assene to hym & hire fola. & leigdon heora reaf uppon hyo & setten hine on-ufon.
21:8Witodlice þæt folc spretton heora reaf on þanne weig. sume heowan þare treowa boges & streoweden on þanne weig.
21:9þæt folc þe þær be-fore ferde. & þæt þe þær-æfter ferde clypeden & cwæðen. hal syo þu dauiðes sune. Syo ge-bletseð seþe com on drihtenes naman. Syo hym hal on hahnessum.
21:10Ða he ferde to ierusalem þa warð eall syo burhware onstired & cwæðen. hwæt ys þes.
21:11þa cwæð þæt folc. þis is se hælend witege of nazareth on galilea.
21:12Þa se hælend in-to þam temple eode. he adraf ut ealle þa þe cheapeden innan þam temple. & þare mynetere scameles. & heora setle þare þe culfran sealden he tobræc.
21:13& cwæð te heom. hit ys awriten min hus ys bed-hus. Witodlice ge worhten þt to þeof-coten.
21:14Ða eoden to hym þa blinde & þa healte & he hyo ge-hælde.
21:15Witodlice þa þare sacerda ealdres & þa bokeres ge-seage þa wundre þe se hælend worhte. & gehyrden hu þa chyld clepedon on þam temple & cwæðen sy dauiðes sune hal. þa wæren hyo eorre.
21:16& cwæðen. ge-herst þu hwæt þas cweðeð. þa cwæð he. witodlice ne rædden ge næfre þa fulfremedesten lof of chyldren. & of sacerda muðe Note: MS. mude. .
21:17& he for-læt hyo þære. & ferde of þare berig to bæthanie & lærde hie þar be godes rice.
21:18On morgen þa he eft to þare berig for. þa hingrede hym.
21:19& he ge-seah an fïc-treow be þa weige. þa eode he to hym. & ne funde on hym bute þa leaf ane. Ða cwæð he. ne wurðe næfre of þe wæstme akenned. Ða sone for-scranc þæt fic-treow.
21:20& hys leorning-cnihtas wundredon & cwæðen lokið nu hu rædlice þæt fic-treow for-scranc.
21:21Ða andswerede he heom & cwæð. Soð ic eow segge gyf ge hæbbeð ge-leafen & ge ne tweonie ne do ge þæt an be þam fïc-treowe. ac eac þah ge cweðen to þisen munte ahefe þe upp & fall innan þa sæ.
21:22& ealles þas þe ge byddeð. eow beoð ge-teiþað gyf ge lefæð.
21:23Ða he com in-to þam temple þa comen þare sacerda aldres him to. & cwæðen. On hwilces mihte wyrcst þu þas þing. & hwa sealde þe þisne anweald.
21:24þa andswerede se hælend & cwæð. & ic acsiege eow ane spæce. Gyf ge þa spræce me seggeð. þanne segge ic eow on hwilcen anwealde ic þas þing werche.
21:25Hwæðer wæs iohannes fulluht þe of heofene þe of mannen? Ða cwæðen hyo beo-tweoxe heom. Gyf we seggað of heofene. þanne cweð he. for hwan ne ge-lyfde ge hym.
21:26Gyf we seggeð of mannen. we on-drædeð þis folc. Ealle hyo hafden iohanne for ænne witega.
21:27Ða andsweredon hyo. & cwæðen. we nyten. Þa cwæð he. ne ich eow ne segge of hwilcen anwealde ich þas þing wyrche.
21:28Hu þincð eow. An man hafde twege sunes þa cweð he to þam yldran suna. ga & wyrc to-day on mine win-gearde.
21:29Ða cwæð he ich nelle. eode þah seððan to þam wingearde.
21:30Ða cwæð he all-swa to þam oðren. Ða andswerede se hym & cwæð. hlaford ich gä. & ne eode swa-þeah.
21:31hwæðer þare tweire dyde þas fæder willen. Ða cwæden hyo se æftrere. Ða cwæð se hælend to heom. Soð ich eow segge þt manfulle & þa myltystran gað be-foren eow on godes riche.
21:32Iohannes com on rihtwisnesse weige. & ge ne ge-herden hine. Witodlice manfulle & myltistran ge-lyfden. & ge ge-seagen & ne dydon syððan nane deadbote þæt ge ge-lyfdon on hym.
21:33Ge-herað nu oðer byspel. Sum hyrdes ealdor wæs. se plantede wingeard. & be-tynde hine & sætte þær-on winwrengen & ge-tymbrede ænne stepel. & ge-sette þane mid eorðetylian. & ferde on eall-þeodignysse.
21:34Ða þare wæstme tïd neohlahte. þa sende he hys þeowas to þam eorðtilian þæt hyo on-fengen hys wæstmes.
21:35Ða namen hyo hys þeowas. & swungen sume. & sumne hyo of-slogen. sumne hyo of-torfoden.
21:36Ða sende he eft oðre þeowas selre þanne þa formere wæron. þa dyden hyo þam ge-liche.
21:37Eft nexstan he sende hys sune heom to. & cwæð. Hyo for-wandigeð þæt hyo ne doð minen sunen swa.
21:38Witodlice þa þa tylien þanne sune ge-seagen þa cwæðen hyo be-twuxe heom. Þes ys se earfedneme uton gan & of-slean hine. & hæbben us hys ehte.
21:39Ða namen hyo & of-slogen hine. & awurpen wið-uten þanne win-geard.
21:40Hwæt doð þes wingeardes hlaford. þan eorðe-tylian þanne he cymð.
21:41Ða cwæðen hyo. he for-deð þa yfele mid yfele. & ge-sett hys wingeard mid oðre tylian. þe him his wæstmen heore tÿdon agyfen.
21:42Ða cwæð se hælend ne redde ge næfre on ge-writen. Se stan þe þa tymbrienden awurpen. ys geworðen on þare hyrnan heafde. Ðys is fram drihtene ge-worðen & hit is wunderlich on eowre Note: over an erasure. eagen.
21:43forþan ic segge eow. þæt eow beoð æt-broiden godes rice. & beoð ge-seald þare þeode þe hyo earnieð.
21:44Ænd se þe falð uppe þisne stan. he beoð to-brised. & he to-bryseð þane þe he on-uppen falð.
21:45Ða þa sacerda ealdres. & þa farisei. þis byspell ge-herdon. þa on-geatan hyo þæt he hyt sægde be heom.
21:46Hyo sohten hyne & ondrædden þæt folc. for-þam þe hyo hæfden hyne for ænne witegan.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)