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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

18:1On þare tide geneohlahton his leorning-cnihtas to þam hælende. & cwæðen. Hwa wenst þu is eldre on heofene rice.
18:2Ænd þa clypede se hælend enne geongling. & sette on heora midlen
18:3& cweð. Soðlice ic segge eow. bute ge beon ge-cyrde & ge-worðenne swa swa litlingas ne ga ge on heofena riche.
18:4Swa hwylc swa hine eadmet. swa þes litling. se ys mare on hefene riche.
18:5Ænd swa hwilc swa enne þellicne litlyng on mine naman on-fegð se on-fegð me.
18:6Soðlice se þe be-swicð ænne of þissen litlyngen þe on me ge-lyfeð Note: MS. gelyfed. betere hym ys þæt an cweornstan syo to hys sweoran ge-cnyt. & sye be-sænced on sæs grund.
18:7Wa þissen midden-earde þurh swikedomes. Neod ys þæt swicdomes cumen þeah-hwæðere wa þam men. þe swikedom þurh hine cymð.
18:8Gyf þin hand oððe þin fot þe swikeð. acherf hine of. & awurp hine aweig fram þe. Betere þe is þt þu gä wan-hal oððe halt to lyfe þanne þu hæbbe twa hande & tweige fet. & syo on eche fer ge-sent.
18:9Ænd gyf þin eage þe swicað ahola hyt ut ænd awurp hyt fram þe. Betere þe ys mid anen eage on life to ganne. þanne þu syo mid twam asend on helle fer.
18:10Warnieð eow þæt ge ne for-hugien ænne of þissen lytlingen þe ge-lefeð on me.
18:11Soðlice mannes sune com to ge-hælenne þæt for-wærð.
18:12Hwæt ys eow ge-þuht gyf hwylc man hæfð hund scepe & hym losæð Note: MS. losæd an of þam. hu ne for-let he anan þa nigon & hund-nigentig on þam munte. & gæð & secð þæt an þe for-wurð.
18:13& gyf hit ge-lympð þæt he hit fint. soðlice ic eow segge þæt he swiðre geblidsað for þam anum. þanne for þa nige & hund-negentig þe nä ne loseden.
18:14Swa nis wille be-foren eowren fader. þe on heofene ys. þæt an for-wurðe of þysen litlingan.
18:15Soðlice gyf þin broðer synegeð wið þe. gä & styr hine. be-twuxe þe & hym sylfen. Gyf he þe ge-hyrð. þu ge-eðstaþelest þinne broðor.
18:16Gyf he þe ne ge-hyrð. nym þanne gyt enne to þe oððe twegen. þæt ælc word stande on tweigre oððe on þreora ge-witnysse.
18:17Gyf he þanne þe ne gehyrð. segge hit ge-fer-redene. Gyf he hine ne ge-hyrð syo he þe swa swa hæðene & mannful.
18:18Soðlice ich segge eow swa hwilce swa ge ge-bindað ofer eorþan þa beoð ge-bundene on heofene. & swa hwilce swa ge ofer eorþan un-bindað. þa beoð on heofene un-bundene.
18:19Eft ich eow segge gyf tweigen of eow ge-þwariað ofer eorðan be ælchen þinge þe hyo byddað. hyt ge-wurð hym of minan fæder þe on heofene ys.
18:20Ðær tweigen oððe þreo synden on minen namen ge-gadered þær ich eom on heore midlene.
18:21Ða ge-nehlahte petrus to hym & cwæð. drihten gyf min broðer synegað wið me mot ic hit hym for-gyfan oððet seofe syþan.
18:22Ða cwæð se hælend. ne segge ic þe oððe seofan siðas. ac oððe seofen hund-seofentig siðan.
18:23For-þam ys heofene riche an-lich þam kyninge þe his þeowas ge-gaderede.
18:24& þa he þt ge-rad sette. hym wæs an broht se him scolde teon þusend punde.
18:25& þa he næfde hwær-mid he hyt agulde. hym het his hlaford ge-syllan & his wif & his chyld. & eall þæt he ahte.
18:26Ða strehte se þeow hine. & cwæð. Hlaford hafe ge-þyld on me. & ich hit þe eall agylde.
18:27Þa ge-miltsede se hlaford hym & for-gef hym eall þanne gylt.
18:28Ða se þeowe ut-eode he ge-mette hys efen-þeowan. se hym scolde an hund panegan. & he nam hine þa & for-þresmede hine. & cwæð. Agyf þæt þu me scelt.
18:29Ænd þa astrehte hys efen-þeowa hine. & bæd hine. and þus cwæð. Ge-þyldiga. & ic hit þe all agyfe.
18:30He þa nolde ac ferde & warp hine on cwærterne oððe þt he him eall agulde & gyfe.
18:31Ða ge-seagen his efen (sic) þæt. þa wæren hyo swiðe ge-unrotsode. and coman & sægden heore hlaforde ealle þa dæden.
18:32Ða cleopede hys hlaford hine & cwæð to hym. Eala þu leðra þeowa ealne þinne gelt ic þe for-gef for-þam þe þu me bæde.
18:33Hu ne ge-berede þe ge-myltsian þine efen-þeowan. swa swa ich þe gemyltsede.
18:34Ða wæs se hlaford eorre. & sealde hine þam wicneren (sic). oð ðæt he eall agulde.
18:35Swa doð min se heofenlice fæder gyf ge of eowren heorten eowren broðren ne for-gyfað.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)