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Textus Receptus Bibles

Wessex Gospels c.1175

Anglo-Saxon

 

   

12:1Se hælend for on reste-daig ofer ækeres. soðlice his leorning-cnihtes hyngrede. & hyo on-gungen (sic) plockien þa ear & etan.
12:2Soðlice þa þa sunder-halgen þæt ge-seagen. hyo cwæðen to hym. Nu þine leorning-cnihtes doð þæt heom alyfed nys. resten-dagen to donne.
12:3Ænd he cwæð to heom. ne redde ge hwæt dauid dyde þa hine hyngrede. & þa þe mid him wæren.
12:4hu he in-eode on godes huse. & æt þa offrung-hlafes. þe næren him alyfde to etene ne þam þe mid hym wæron. buten þam sacerdan anen.
12:5oððe ne rædde ge on þare lage þt þa sacerdas on reste-dagen on þam temple gewemmed þanne reste-dayg & synden buton leahtre.
12:6Ic segge soðlice eow. þæt þes ys mærre þanne þæt temple.
12:7Gyf ge soðlice wisten hwæt ys. ic wille mildheortnysse & na on-sægdnysse ne ge-nyþerede ge æfre unscyldyge.
12:8Soðlice mannes sune is eac restes dayges hlaford.
12:9Þa se hælend þanen for. he com in to heore samnunge.
12:10Þa wæs þær an man se hæfde for-scrunkene hand. & hyo acsoden hine þus cweðende. Is hit alefð to hælen on reste-dagen. þæt hyo wrehton hine.
12:11He saygde heom soðlice hwilc man is of eow þe hæbbe an sceap. & gyf þæt afalð reste-dayge on pyt. hu ne nymð he þæt & hefð hit up.
12:12Witodlice mycele ma. mann ys sceape betera. witodlice hyt ys alyfed on reste-dagen wel to donne.
12:13Þa cwæð he to þam men. aþene þine hand. & he hyo aþenede. & hyo wæs hal geworðan. swa sye oðer.
12:14Ða sunder-halgen geoden þa ut soðlice & worhten ge-þeoht ongen hine hu hyo hine for-spildon.
12:15Se hælend soðlice Note: MS. sodlice. þæt wiste & ferde þanon. & hym fylgde mycele mænigeo. & he helde hyo ealle.
12:16& be-bead heom þæt hyo hyt nanen men ne saygdon.
12:17Þæt wære gefylled þæt gecweðen wæs þurh ysaiam. þanne witegan. þus cweðende.
12:18Her ys min cnape þane ich ge-cheas min ge-corene of þam wel gelicode minre sawle. Ich äsette minne gast ofer hine. & dom he bodeð þeodum.
12:19Ne flït he. ne he ne hrimð ne nan man ne gehyrð hys stemne on stræten.
12:20To-cwyceð hreod he ne for-brett. & smekende flex he ne adwæscð. ær þam þe he awurpe dom to sige.
12:21& on his name þeodan ge-hihtað.
12:22Þa wæs him broht an deofel-seoc man se wæs blind & dumb & he hine hælde swa þæt he spæc & geseah.
12:23& þa menigeo ealle wundredon & cwæðen. Cweþe we ys þes dauiðes sune.
12:24Soðlice þa þa sinder-halgen þis ge-hyrden þa cwæðen hyo. Ne drifð þes deofle ut buton þurh beelzebub deofle ealdre.
12:25Se hælend soðlice wiste heora ge-þankes. & cwæð to heom. Ælch riche þe byð twyræde on hym sylfen beoð to-worpen. & ælc ceastre oððe hus þe byoð wiðerweard ongean hyt sylf. hit ne stent.
12:26And gyf se deofel adrif ut þanne deofel hyo byð to-dælde. hu maig þanne hys rice standen.
12:27& gyf ich þurh beelzebub adrife ut deofele. þurh hwane adrifð eowre bearn. for-þan hyo sylfe beoð owre demen.
12:28Gif ic soðlice on godes gaste awurpe deofel. witodlice on eow be-cumeð godes riche.
12:29Oððe hu mæg man ingan on stranges hus. & his fate hine be-refian bute he ge-binde ærest þane strangen. & þanne hys hus bereafian.
12:30Se þe nys mid me he is on-geanes me. & se þe ne gadereð Note: MS. gadered. mid me he to-wyrð.
12:31For-þan ich segge eow. ælc senne & bismer-spræce byð for-gyfen mannum. Soðlice þas halgan gastes bysmer-spræce ne byð for-gefen.
12:32& swa hlyc swa cweð word on-gen mannes sunu him byð forgefen. Se þe soðlice cweð on-gen haligne gast. ne byð hit him for-gefen. ne on þissere werolde. ne on þare to-wearden.
12:33Oððe wircað god treow & his wæstme godne oððe wyrcað yfel treow & his wæstme yfelne. Witodlice be þam wæstme byð þæt treow on-cnawen.
12:34La ge næddrene cynrin. hu mugen ge göd spræcen. þanne ge senden yfele. Soðlice on þare heortan willan se muð spæcð.
12:35god mann soðlice of goden gold-horde bringð god forð. & yfel man of yfele gold-horde bringð yfel forð.
12:36Soðlice ich segge eow. þt ælc ydel word þe man sprecað. hyo agyldeð Note: MS. agylded. scad be þam on domes daige.
12:37Soðlice of þinen worden þu byst rihtwised. & of þinum worden þu byst ge-niþored.
12:38Ða andswereden him sume þa bokeres. & þa sunder-halgan. þus cweðende. Lareow we willeð sum taken of þe ge-seon.
12:39he andswerede hem & cwæð. yfel cneorys & for-lier Note: MS. for-her. secheð tacne. & hyre ne beoð nan taken geseald buton ionas taken þas witegan.
12:40Witodlice swa swa ionas wæs on þas hwæles innoðe þreo dages & þreo niht. swa beoð mannes sune on eorðan heortan þreo dages & þreo niht.
12:41Niniueissce weres ariseð on dome mid þisse cneornysse & hyo niðeriað hyo. for-þan þe hyo dyden dead-bote on Ionases bodiunge. & þes ys mare þanne Ionas.
12:42Suð-dæles cwen arist on dome mid þisse cneornisse. & hyo ge-niðeriað hyo forþam þe hyo com fram landes ge-mærum to ge-heren salomones wisdom. & þes ys mare þanne salomon.
12:43Soðlice þonne se un-clæne gast ut-fareð. fram menn he gæð geond drege stowa sechende reste. & he ne ge-met.
12:44þanne cweð he. ic gecherre on min hus þanen ic ut-eode. & cumende. he ge-met hyt emtig ge-clænsed mid besmum & gefratewed.
12:45Þonne gað he & hym to-genimð sefen oðre gastes wyrse þonne he. & ingangende hyo eardigeð þer. & þanne wurðeð þas mannes ytemesten werse þonne þa ærran & swa byð þisse werstan cneornysse.
12:46Þa he þas þing þa geat spæc to þam mænege. þa stod his moder & his ge-broðra þær-ute secende spæcen to hym.
12:47Soðlice þa cwæð sum to him. Witodlice þin moder & þine ge-broðre standeð þærute þe sechende.
12:48& he andswerede hym seggedden & cwæð. Hwilc ys moder. & hwilce sende mine gebroðre.
12:49& he aþenede his hand on his leorning-cnihtes. & cwæð.
12:50Witodlice swa hwylc swa wercð mines fader willan þe on heofene is. he ys min broðer. & min swustor. & min moder.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English from Greek and not Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)