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Wessex Gospels c.1175




16:1þas þing ic eow sægde þæt ge ne swikien.
16:2hyo doð eow ut of ge-samnengen. Ac syo tid kymð þæt ælc þe eow of-slechð. wenð þæt he þegnige gode.
16:3& þas þing hyo doð for-þan þe hyo ne cuþen minne fader ne me.
16:4Ac þas þing ic eow sægde þæt ge ge-munion þanne heora tid kymð. þæt ic hyt eow sægde. Ne sægde ic eow þas þing æt fruman. for-þan þe ich wæs mid eow.
16:5Nu ic fare to þam þe me sende. & eower nan ne acseð me hwider ic fare.
16:6Ac for-þam þe ic spræc þas þing to eow. un-rotnysse ge-fylde eowre heorte.
16:7ac ic segge sodfæstnysse. Eow fremed þæt ic fare. Gyf ic ne fare ne kymð se frofriende to eow. Witoðlice gyf ic fare. ich hine sende to eow.
16:8& þonne he cymð he þirð (sic) þissne middan-eard. be synne. & be rihtwysnesse. & be dome.
16:9Be synne; for-þam hyo ne ge-lyfden on me.
16:10Be rihtwysnesse; for-þam ic fare to þam fæder. & ge me ne ge-seoð.
16:11Be dome; for-þam þises middan-eardes ealdor ys ge-demed.
16:12Gyt ic habbe eow fele to seggene. Ac ge hyt ne magen nu acumen.
16:13Þanne þare soðfæstnysse gast kymð. he lærð eow ealle sodfæstnysse. Ne sprecð he of hym sylfan. Ac he spræcð þa þing þe he ge-hyrð. ænd kyð eow þa þing þe toweard synd.
16:14he me ge-swuteloð. for-þam he nemð of minum & kyð eow.
16:15ealle þa þing þe min fæder hæfð synd mine. for-þi ic cwæð. þæt he nymð of minum & keð eow.
16:16Note: Modicum & non uidebitis me. & iterum modicum & uidebitis me quia uado ad patrem. Nu embe an lytel ge me ne ge-seoð. & eft embe litel ge me ge-seoð. for-þam þe ich fare to þam fæder.
16:17Ða cwæðen hys leorning-cnihtas heom be-tweonan. Hwæt is þæt he us segð. ymbe litel & ge me ne ge-seoð. & eft embe litel & ge me ge-seoð. & ic fare to þam fæder.
16:18hyo cwæð witoðlice hwæt is þæt he cwæð. Embe lytel; we niten hwæt he sprecð.
16:19Se hælend wiste þæt hyo wolden hine acsion. & he cwæð to heom. be þam ge smeageð be-tweonan eow. for-þam ic sægde. ymbe lytel ge me ne ge-seoð. & eft embe lytel ge me ge-seoð.
16:20Soð ic eow segge þæt ge heofað & wepað. Middan-eard ge-blissað. & ge beod un-rote. ac eower unrotnysse byð ge-went to ge-fean.
16:21Þanne wif kenned. hyo hæfð unrotnysse. for-þan þe hire tid com. Þanne hye kend cnapen. ne ge-man hye þare hefinysse for ge-fean. for-þan man beoð ä-kenned on middan-eard.
16:22& witodlice ge hæbbeð nu unrotnysse. Eft ic eow ge-syo. & eower heorte ge-blissað. & nan man ne nymð eowerne ge-fean fram eow.
16:23& on þan dayge ne byddað me nanes þinges. Soð ic eow segge gyf ge hwæt biddað mine fæder on minan naman he hyt sylð eow.
16:24oð þis ne bæde ge nan þing on minan naman. Biddað & ge under-foð þæt eower ge-fea syo ful.
16:25Ðas þing ic eow saigde on bispellan. Syo tid cymð þanne ic eow ne spræce on bispellan. ac ic keðe eow openlice; be minan fader.
16:26On þam daige ge biddað on minan namen & ic eow ne segge for-þam ic bidde mine fæder be eow.
16:27Witodlice se fæder eow lufeð. forþam þe ge lufedon me. & gelyfdon; þæt ic com of gode.
16:28Ic for fram þam fæder. & com on middan-eard. Eft ic forlæte midden-eard. & fare wel sone to þam fæder.
16:29Hys leorningcnihtas cwæðen to hym. Nu þu sprecst openlice. & ne segst nan by-spell.
16:30Nu we witen þæt þu wast ealle þing. & þe nis nan þærf þæt anig þe axie. On þisen we ge-lefað; þæt þu come of gode.
16:31Se hælend heom andswerede. & cwæð. Nu ge ge-lyfeð.
16:32nu com mi tyd. & cymð þæt ge to-færen. æghwilc to hys agenen. & for-læten me ane. & ic ne eom ane for-þam fæder ys mid me.
16:33Þas þing ic eow sægde. þæt ge habben sibbe on me. Ge hæbbað hefige berdene on middan-earde. ac ge-twuwiað (sic). ich ofer-swiððen (sic) midden-eard.
Wessex Gospels c.1175

Wessex Gospels c.1175

The Wessex Gospels (also known as the West-Saxon Gospels) are a full translation of the four gospels of the Christian Bible into a West Saxon dialect of Old English. Designated Royal MS 1 A XIV, it is historically important.

  • The Wessex Gospels are the oldest translations into English without the Latin.
  • The gospels are written in the Old English West Anglo-Saxon dialect of Northumbria.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV is written on parchment and is also known as the Codex Evangeliorum Anglice.
  • The title written at the top of the page, ‘Text[us] iv evangelior[um] anglice’, is reproduced in the 14th-century catalogue of the Benedictine Christ Church library, but at the Reformation this book was one of many acquired from religious houses by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1532 to 1534, whose name is written at the top of the page.
  • Seven extant copies exist today. The earliest version dates from 990AD.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV was copied directly from MS 441 in the Bodleian library at Oxford. We know this as the same passages have been omitted from both. It has a transmission jump of 185 years.
  • MS 441 (990AD) is extant and still resides in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, England. It was given to the library by Baron Hatton in 1671. Paleographical evidence suggests a Canterbury origin. The earliest extant evidence of ownership is through Archbishop Matthew Parker (1504-75).
  • MS Corp. Ch Coll Camb 140 (1000AD) is in Corpus Christi College Cambridge.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV (1175AD) is in the British Library and was presented to the British Museum by King George II in 1757 from the Old Royal Library.
  • Royal MS 1 A XIV once belonged to the Prince of Wales: Henry Frederick, (1594-1612), eldest child of King James the First.

Why is this important?

  • Desiderius Erasmus had access to these MSS before starting his translation of the Textus Receptus. In the five years prior to starting his translation work Erasmus was Professor of Divinity at Cambridge at a time when the university's benefactors owned these manuscripts.
  • The King James Bible translators had access to these manuscripts. All the six KJV translation companies where housed at Oxford, Cambridge and Westminster and all had access to the Wessex Gospels.
  • The codex contains the long ending in Mark chapter 16.
  • The codex contains the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11)