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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



22:1The burden of the valley of vision. What to thee now, that thou wentest up all of thee, to the roofs?
22:2The city put in commotion was filled with noise, the exulting city: thy wounded not wounded of the sword, and not the dead of war.
22:3All thy chiefs fled together, they were bound of the bow: all they finding thee were bound together; they fled from from far off.
22:4For this I said, Look ye away from me; I will be bitter in my weeping, ye shall not hasten to comfort me upon the desolation of the daughter of my people.
22:5For a day of consternation, and of treading down, and perplexity by the Lord Jehovah of armies of the valley of vision, of undermining the wall, and of a cry for help to the mountains.
22:6And Elam lifted up the quiver with the chariot of men, horsemen; and Kir made naked the shield.
22:7And it shall be the chosen of thy valleys was filled with chariots, and the horsemen placed a seat at the gate.
22:8And he will uncover the covering of Judah, and thou wilt look in that day to the weapons of the house of the forest
22:9The clefts of the city of David ye saw, that they were many: and ye shall gather the water of the lowest pool.
22:10The houses of Jerusalem ye numbered, and ye will break down the houses to fortify the wall.
22:11And ye made a gathering place between the two walls for the water of the old pool; and ye looked not to him making it, and ye saw not him forming it from far off.
22:12And the Lord Jehovah of armies in that day will call to weeping and to wailing, and to baldness and to girding with sackcloth:
22:13And behold, gladness and joy, killing cattle and slaughtering sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: eat and drink, for to-morrow we shall die.
22:14And it was uncovered in the ears of Jehovah of armies, If this iniquity shall be expiated to you till ye shall die, said the Lord Jehovah of armies.
22:15Thus said the Lord Jehovah of armies, Go, come in to this associate to Shebna who is over the house,
22:16What to thee here, and who to thee here, that thou hewedst to thee here a tomb, he hewing from on high his tomb and cutting in a dwelling in a rock to himself?
22:17Behold, Jehovah casting thee down, the casting down of a man, and covering, he covered thee.
22:18Rolling, he will roll thee a roll as a ball into a land broad of hands: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory the dishonor of thy lord's house.
22:19And I thrust thee from thy station, and from thy standing place he will pull thee down.
22:20And it was in that day I called for my servant, for Eliakim, son of Hilkiah:
22:21And I will clothe him with thy tunic, and I will strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will give thy dominion into his hand, and he was for a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.
22:22And I gave the key of the house of David upon his shoulder, and he opened and none shut, and he shut and none opened.
22:23And I fastened him a peg in a faithful place; and he. was for a throne of glory to his father's house.
22:24And they hung upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the sprouts, all the vessels of smallness, from the vessels of lavers and even to all the vessels of flasks.
22:25In that day, says Jehovah of armies, shall the peg fastened in a faithful place give way, and it was cut down, and it fell; and the lifting up which was upon it was cut off: for Jehovah spake.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.