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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

 

   

2:1The word which Isaiah son of Amos saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
2:2And it was in the last days, the mountain of the house of Jehovah shall be prepared upon the head of the mountains, and lifted up above the hills; and all nations flowed to it
2:3And many people went and said, Come, and we will go up to the mountain of Jehovah, to the house of the God of Jacob, and he will teach us from his ways, and we will go in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of Jehovah from Jerusalem.
2:4And he judged between the nations, and he will decide for many peoples: and they shall beat down their swords to plough-shares and their spears to pruning-hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, and they shall no more learn war.
2:5O house of Jacob, come ye, and we will go in the light of Jehovah.
2:6For thou didst cast out thy people the house of Jacob, for they were filled from the east, and practicing magic as the rovers, and they will strike hands with the children of strangers.
2:7And their land shall be full of silver and gold, and no end to their treasures; and their land shall be full of horses, and no end to their chariots.
2:8And their land will be full of nothings; they will worship to the work of their hand, to what their fingers made:
2:9And man will bow down, and a man will humble himself, and thou shalt not lift up to them.
2:10Go into the rock, and hide in the dust from the face of the fear of Jehovah, and from the splendor of his majesty.
2:11The lofty eyes of man were humbled, and the height of men bowed down, and Jehovah alone was exalted in that day.
2:12For the day to Jehovah of armies is upon all the haughty and the high, and upon all lifted up; and he was humbled:
2:13And upon all the cedars of Lebanon being high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan,
2:14And upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills being lifted up,
2:15And upon every lofty tower, and upon every fortified wall,
2:16And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all the flags of desire.
2:17And the haughtiness of man was bowed down, and the height of man was humbled: and Jehovah alone was exalted in that day.
2:18And the nothings he shall cause to wholly pass away.
2:19And they shall go into the caves of the rocks, and into the caverns of the dust, from the face of the fear of Jehovah, and from the splendor of his majesty in his rising to terrify the earth.
2:20In that day man shall cast the nothings of his silver and the nothings of his gold which they made for him to worship, to the digging of moles and to bats.
2:21To go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the fissures of the rocks from the face of the fear of Jehovah, and from the splendor of his majesty in his rising to terrify the earth.
2:22Cease to you from man of whom the breath is in his nose: for in what was he reckoned?
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.