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Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



7:1When Jehovah thy God shall bring thee to the, land where thou goest there to possess it, and he cast out many nations from before thee, the Hittite and the Girgashite and the Amorite and the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite and the Jebusite, seven nations many and strong above thee;
7:2And Jehovah thy God gave them before thee, and thou didst smite them: exterminating, thou shalt exterminate them; thou shalt not make to them a covenant and thou shalt not show them mercy.
7:3Thou shall not marry with them; thy daughters thou shalt not give to his son, and his daughter thou shalt not take to thy son.
7:4For he will turn away thy son from after me and they served other gods: and the anger of Jehovah kindled against you and he destroyed thee suddenly.
7:5But thus shall ye do to them; their altars ye shall destroy, and their pillars ye shall break in pieces, and their statues ye shall cut down, and their carved things ye shall burn in are.
7:6For thou a holy people to Jehovah thy God: in thee Jehovah thy God chose to be to him a people of property from all the peoples which are upon the face of the earth.
7:7Not for your multitude did Jehovah delight in you above all the peoples, and will he choose you, for ye were few more than all the peoples.
7:8For Jehovah loves you and watches the oath which he sware to your fathers: Jehovah brought you out by a strong hand, and he will redeem thee from the house of servants, from the house of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
7:9And know thou that Jehovah thy God, he is God, the faithful God, watching the covenant and the kindness to those loving him, and to those watching his commands to the thousandth generation:
7:10And recompensing to those hating him to their face to destroy him: he will not delay to him hating him to his face; he will recompense to him.
7:11And watch thou the commands and the laws and the judgments which I command thee this day, to do them.
7:12And it was because ye shall hear these judgments, and watch them and do them, and Jehovah thy God watched to thee the covenant and. the mercy which he sware to thy fathers:
7:13And he loved thee and blessed thee, and multiplied thee: and he blest the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy grain and thy new wine and thy new oil, and the young of thy cows and thy flocks of sheep, upon the land which he sware to thy fathers to give to thee.
7:14Thou shalt be blessed above all peoples: there shall not be in thee barren male and female, and in thy cattle.
7:15And Jehovah turned away from thee all sickness; and all the evil did-eases of Egypt which thou knewest, he will not put upon thee: and he will give them upon all hating thee.
7:16And thou didst consume all the peoples which Jehovah thy God gave to thee; thine eye shall not have pity upon them, and thou shalt not serve their gods, for it is a snare to thee.
7:17When thou shalt say in thy heart, The nations many more than I, how shall I be able to dispossess them?
7:18Thou shalt not be afraid of them: remembering; thou shalt remember what Jehovah thy God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt.
7:19The great trials which thine eyes saw, and the signs and the wonders;. and the strong hand and the extended arm by which Jehovah thy God brought thee out: so shall Jehovah thy God do to all people of whose face thou art afraid.
7:20And also the hornet, Jehovah thy God will send among you till the destroying Of those being left and of those hiding from thy face.
7:21Thou shalt not be terrified from their faces, for Jehovah thy God is in the midst of thee, a great and fearful God.
7:22And Jehovah thy God cast out. these nations from thy face, little, little; thou shalt not be able to finish them quickly lest the beast of the field shall multiply upon thee.
7:23And Jehovah thy God sire then before thee and destroyed and discomfited them in great consternation till he destroyed them.
7:24And he gave their kings into thy hand, and destroy thou their name from under the heavens; and a man shall not stand before thee till thy destroying them.
7:25The carved thing of their gods ye shall burn in fire: thou shalt not desire the silver and gold upon them and take to thee lest thou shalt be snared by it, for it is an abomination to Jehovah thy God.
7:26And thou shalt not bring an abomination to thy house, and thou be devoted to destruction like it: abhorring, thou shalt abhor it, and abominating, thou shalt abominate it, for it is devoted to destruction.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.