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Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



29:1These the words of the covenant which Jehovah commanded Moses to make with the sons of Israel in the land of Moab, besides the covenant which he made with them in Horeb.
29:2And Moses will call to all Israel and will say, to them, Ye saw all that Jehovah did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land;
29:3The great temptations which thine eyes saw, the signs, and those great wonders:
29:4And Jehovah gave not to you an heart to know, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, even to this day.
29:5And I shall lead you forty years in the desert: your garments did not fall away from you, and thy shoe was not warn away from thy foot
29:6Bread ye ate not, and wine and strong drink ye drank not; so that ye shall know that I am Jehovah your God.
29:7And ye shall come to this place; and Sihon, king of Heshbon, will come, and Og, king of Bashan, to our meeting, to war; and we shall smite them.
29:8And we shall take their land and give it for an inheritance to the Reubenites and to the Gadites, and to the half tribe of the Manassites
29:9And watch ye the words of this covenant, and do them, so that ye shall be circumspect in all things which ye shall do.
29:10Ye stand this day all of you before Jehovah your God; your heads of your tribes, your old men, and your scribes, every man of Israel;
29:11Your little ones, your wives and thy stranger which is in the midst of thy camp, from him cutting thy woods to him drawing thy waters:
29:12For thy passing into the covenant of Jehovah thy God, and into his oath, which Jehovah thy God made with thee this day:
29:13In order to set thee this day to him for a people, and he shall be to thee for God as he spake to thee, and as he sware to thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaak, and to Jacob.
29:14And not with you alone do I make this covenant and this oath;
29:15But with those being here with us, standing before Jehovah our God, and with those not here with us this day:
29:16(For ye know how we dwelt in the land of Egypt; and how we passed through in the midst of the nations which ye passed through;
29:17And ye shall see their abominations and their rollings, wood and stone, silver and gold, which are with them:)
29:18Lest there be among you man or woman, or family or tribe, whom his heart turn this day from Jehovah our God, to go to serve the gods of these nations; lest there be among you a root bearing poverty and wormwood;
29:19And it was in his hearing the words of this oath, and he blessed himself in his heart, saying, Peace shall be to me, if in the hardness of my heart, I shall go to add satiating to thirst:
29:20Jehovah shall not be willing to forgive him, for then the anger of Jehovah shall smoke, and his jealousy against that man, and every curse written in this book lay upon him, and Jehovah wiped out his name from under the heavens.
29:21And Jehovah separated him for evil out of all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant written in the book of this law:
29:22And said, Another generation of your sons who shall rise up from after you, and the foreigner who shall come from a land afar off, and they saw the blows of that land, and the sicknesses which Jehovah made sick in it;
29:23Pitch and burning salt, all its land; it shall not be sown, and it shall not sprout, and no green herb shall come up upon it, as the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which Jehovah overthrew in his anger and in his wrath:
29:24And all the nations said, For what did Jehovah thus to this land? what the heat of this great anger?
29:25And they said, Because they left the covenant of Jehovah the God of their fathers, which he made with them; in his bringing them forth from the land of Egypt
29:26And they will go and serve other gods, and will worship to them gods which they knew them not, and a portion not to them.
29:27And the anger of Jehovah will kindle against this land, to bring upon it all the curses written in this book.
29:28And Jehovah will tear them up from their land in anger, and in wrath, and in great anger, and will send them to another land as this day.
29:29Hidden things to Jehovah our God: and uncovered things to us and to our sons to forever, to do all the words of this law.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.