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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



32:1And much cattle was to the sons of Reuben and to the sons of Gad exceedingly strong: and they will see the land of Jazer and the land of Gilead, and behold, the place a place of cattle.
32:2And the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben will come and will say to Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and to the chiefs of the assembly, saying,
32:3Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon,
32:4The land which Jehovah smote before the assembly of Israel, it is a land of cattle, and to thy servants are cattle.
32:5And they will say, If we found grace in thine eyes, will this land be given to thy servants for a possession; ye will not cause us to pass over Jordan.
32:6And Moses will say to the sons of Gad And to the sons of Reuben, Shall your brethren go forth to battle, and will ye sit here?
32:7And wherefore will ye hinder the heart of the sons of Israel from passing over to the land which Jehovah gave to them?
32:8So did your fathers in my sending them from Kadesh-Barnea to see the land.
32:9And they will go up to the valley of Eshcol, and will see the land, and hinder the heart of the sons of Israel not to go to the land which Jehovah gave to them.
32:10And Jehovah's anger will kindle in that day, and he will swear, saying,
32:11If the men coming up out of Egypt, from the son of twenty years and above, shall see the land which I sware to Abraham, to Isaak and to Jacob; for they filled not up after me:
32:12Except Caleb, son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua, son of Nun: for they filled up after Jehovah.
32:13And the anger of Jehovah will kindle against Israel, and he will cause them to wander in the desert forty years, till the finishing of all the generation having done evil in the eyes of Jehovah.
32:14And behold, ye rise up instead of your fathers, a growth of men sinners, to add yet to the burning anger of Jehovah to Israel.
32:15When ye shall turn back from after him, and he will add yet to leave him in the desert; and ye will destroy all this people.
32:16And they will draw near to him, and say, Sheep-folds will we build for our cattle here, and cities for our little ones.
32:17And we will arm ourselves, basting on before the sons of Israel, till we brought them to their place: and our little ones shall dwell in fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land.
32:18We will not turn back to our houses till the sons of Israel inherit each his inheritance.
32:19For we will not inherit with them from the other side of Jordan and forward; for our inheritance has come to us from this side of Jordan from the risings.
32:20And Moses will say to them, If ye will do this word, if ye will arm yourselves before Jehovah for battle,
32:21And all to you being armed, pass over Jordan before Jehovah, till his driving out his enemies from his face,
32:22And the land subdued before Jehovah: and afterwards ye shall turn back, and be unpunished from Jehovah and from Israel; and this land shall be to you for a possession before Jehovah.
32:23And if ye shall not do this, behold, ye sinned to Jehovah: and know ye, your sin which shall find you.
32:24Build to you cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep; and ye shall do that coming out of your mouth.
32:25And the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben will speak to Moses, saying, Thy servants will do as my lord commanded.
32:26Our little ones, our wives, our possessions, and all our cattle, shall be there in the cities of Gilead:
32:27And thy servants will pass over, all being armed, to war before Jehovah for battle, as my lord spake.
32:28And Moses will command Eleazar the priest, concerning them, and Joshua, the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the sons of Israel:
32:29And Moses will say to them, If the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben will pass over Jordan with you, all being armed for battle before Jehovah, and the land be subdued before you; and give ye to them the land of Gilead for a possession.
32:30And if they will not pass over armed with you, and they possessed in the midst of you in the land of Canaan.
32:31And the sons of Gad and the sons of Reuben will answer, saying, What Jehovah spake to thy servants, so will we do.
32:32We will pass over armed before Jehovah to the land of Canaan, and to us shall be the possession of our inheritance from the other side to Jordan.
32:33And Moses will give to them, to the sons of Gad and to the sons of Reuben, and to half the tribe of Manasseh, son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon, king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og, king of Bashan, the land with its cities in the bounds, the cities of the land round about
32:34And the sons of Gad will build Dibon and Ataroth, and Aroer,
32:35And Atroth, Shophan, and Jazer, and Jogbehah,
32:36And the house of Nimrah, and the house of Haran, fortified cities: and sheep-folds.
32:37And the sons of Reuben built Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim,
32:38And Nebo, and Baal-Meon (the name being changed), and Shibmah: and they will call by names the names of the cities which they built
32:39And the sons of Machir, the son of Manasseh, will go to Gilead., and take it and drive out the Amorite which is in it
32:40And Moses will give Gilead to Machir, son of Manasseh., and he will dwell in it
32:41And Jair, the son of Manasseh, went, and he will take their villages, and he will call them the villages of Jair.
32:42And Nobah went, and he will take Kenath and its houses, and he will call it Nobah in his name.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.