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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



31:1And Jehovah will speak to Moses, saying,
31:2Avenge the avenging of the sons of Israel of the Midianites: afterwards thou shalt be gathered to thy people.
31:3And Moses will speak to the people, saying, Arm from yourselves the men for war, and they shall be against Midian, to give the avenging of Jehovah upon Midian.
31:4A thousand to a tribe, a thousand to a tribe, for all the tribes of Israel, ye shall send to war.
31:5And there shall be separated from the thousands of Israel a thousand for a tribe, twelve thousand armed for war.
31:6And Moses will send them a thousand for a tribe, to war, them and Phinehas, son of Eleazar the priest, to war, and the holy vessels, and the trumpets of the signal in his hand.
31:7And they will go forth against Midian as Jehovah commanded Moses; and they killed every male.
31:8And they killed the kings of Midian upon those being slain: Evi and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: and they killed Balaam, son of Beor, with the sword.
31:9And the sons of Israel will take captive the women of Midian and their little ones, and all their cattle, and all their possessions, and they plundered all their strength.
31:10And their cities with their dwellings, and all their walls they burnt in fire.
31:11And they will take all the plunder and all the spoil, in man and in cattle.
31:12And they will bring to Moses and to Eleazar the priest, and to the assembly of the sons of Israel, the captivity and the spoil and the plunder, to the camp to the desert of Moab, which is by Jordan of Jericho.
31:13And Moses and Eleazar the priest, and all the chiefs of the assembly will come forth to their meeting without the camp.
31:14And Moses will be angry against the officers of the army, the captains of thousands, and the captains of hundreds coming from the war of the battle.
31:15And Moses will say to them, Preserved ye alive every female?
31:16Behold, they were to the sons of Israel by the word of Balaam for separating treacherously against Jehovah, concerning the word of Peor; and there will be a smiting in the assembly of Jehovah.
31:17And now kill every male among the little ones; and every woman know in man by the bed of a male, do ye kill.
31:18And all the little ones among the women who knew not the bed of a male, preserve ye alive for yourselves.
31:19And encamp ye without the camp seven days: every one killing a soul, and every one touching upon the wounded, ye shall be purified in the third day, and in the seventh day, ye and your captivity.
31:20And every garment and every vessel of skin, and every work of goats' hair, and every vessel of wood, ye shall purify.
31:21And Eleazar the priest will say to the men of war coming from the battle, This the law of instruction which Jehovah commanded Moses:
31:22Only the gold and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead,
31:23Every thing which shall come through fire ye shall make pass through fire, and it was cleansed: only with the water of uncleanness shall it be purified: and all which will not come through the fire ye shall make pass through the water.
31:24And wash ye your garments in the seventh day, and be purified, and afterwards ye shall come into the camp.
31:25And Jehovah will speak to Moses, saying,
31:26Take the head of the spoil of the captivity, in man and in cattle, thou and Eleazar the priest, and the heads of the fathers of the assembly
31:27And divide the spoil between them taking hold of the battle, going forth to war, and between all the assembly:
31:28And cast a tribute to Jehovah from the men of the battle going forth to war: one soul from five hundred, from the men and from the oxen, and from the asses, and from the sheep:
31:29Ye shall take from their half and give it to Eleazar the priest, an offering of Jehovah.
31:30And from the sons of Israel's half thou shalt take one taking from fifty, from the men, from the oxen, from the asses, and from the sheep, from all the cattle, and give them to the Levites watching the watches of the dwelling of Jehovah.
31:31And Moses will do, and Eleazar the priest, as the Lord commanded Moses.
31:32And the remainder of the spoil plundered which the people of war plundered, will be six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep,
31:33And the oxen two and seventy thousand,
31:34And the asses, one and sixty thousand,
31:35And the souls of man, from the women which knew not the bed of a male all the souls, two and thirty thousand.
31:36And half of the portion of those having gone forth in the war, the Numbers of the sheep will be three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand and five hundred.
31:37And the tribute to Jehovah will be from the sheep, six hundred five and seventy.
31:38And the oxen, six and thirty thousand; and their tribute to Jehovah, two and seventy.
31:39And the asses thirty thousand and five hundred; and their tribute to Jehovah, one and sixty.
31:40And the souls of man, sixteen thousand; and their tribute to Jehovah, two and thirty souls.
31:41And Moses will give the tribute, an offering of Jehovah, to Eleazar the priest, as Jehovah commanded Moses.
31:42And from the sons of Israel's half which Moses divided from the men having warred,
31:43(And the assembly's half from the sheep, will be three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand five hundred,
31:44And the oxen, six and thirty thousand,
31:45And the asses, thirty thousand and five hundred,
31:46And the souls of man, sixteen thousand;)
31:47Moses will take from the sons of Israel's half, one taking from fifty, from man and from cattle, and he will give them to the Levites watching the watches of the tent of Jehovah; as Jehovah commanded Moses.
31:48And there will come near to Moses the officers which are over the thousands of the war, captains of thousands and captains of hundreds:
31:49And they will say to Moses, Thy servants took the head of the men of the battle which are in our hand, and a man was not missed from us.
31:50And we will bring an offering to Jehovah, what each found, vessels of gold, armbands, and bracelets, rings, ear-rings, and globules of gold, to expiate for our souls before Jehovah.
31:51And Moses will take, and Eleazar the priest, all the gold from them, all the vessels of work.
31:52And all the gold of the offering which they lifted up to Jehovah, will be sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels, from the captains of thousands and from the captains of hundreds.
31:53The men of war plundered each for himself.
31:54And Moses will take, and Eleazar the priest, the gold from the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and they will bring it to the tent of appointment, a remembrance for the sons of Israel before Jehovah.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.