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Coverdale Bible 1535



12:1These are ye kynges of the londe, who the childre of Israel smote, & conquered their lode, beyonde Iordane, eastwarde, fro the water of Arnon, vnto mount Hermon, and vnto all ye playne felde towarde the east:
12:2Sihon the kynge of the Amorites, which dwelt at Hesbon, and had dominion from Aroer that lieth by the water syde of Arnon, and vnto the myddes of ye water: and ouer halfe Gilead, vnto the water of Iabok, which is the border of the childre of Ammon:
12:3and ouer the playne felde, vnto the see of Cynneroth eastwarde, and vnto the see of the playne felde, namely the Salt see towarde the east, the waye vnto Beth Iesimoth: and from the south beneth by the ryuers of mount Pisga.
12:4And the border of Og the kynge of Basan, which remayned yet of Raphaim, and dwelt at Astaroth and Edrei,
12:5and had the dominion ouer mout Hermon, ouer Salcha, and ouer all Basan vnto the border of Gessuri & Maachati, & of halfe Gilead, which was the border of Sihon the kynge at Hesbon.
12:6Moses the seruaunt of the LORDE and the childre of Israel smote them. And Moses the seruaunt of ye LORDE gaue it vnto the Rubenites, Gaddites and to the halfe trybe of Manasse in possession.
12:7These are the kynges of the lode, whom Iosua & the children of Israel smote on this syde Iordane westwarde, fro Baalgad vpo the playne of mount Libanus, vnto ye mout that parteth the londe vp towarde Seir, & that Iosua gaue vnto the trybes of Israel in possession, vnto euery one his parte,
12:8what so euer was in ye moutaynes, valleyes, playne feldes, by the ryuers, in ye wyldernesses & towarde the south, the Hethites, Amorites, Cananites, Pheresites, Heuites, and Iebusites.
12:9The kynge of Iericho, the kynge of Hai, which lyeth besyde Bethel,
12:10the kynge of Ierusalem, the kynge of Hebron,
12:11the kynge of Iarmoth, the kynge of Lachis,
12:12the kynge of Eglon, the kynge of Geser,
12:13the kynge of Debir, the kynge of Geder,
12:14the kynge of Horma, the kynge of Arad,
12:15ye kynge of Libna, the kynge of Adulla,
12:16the kynge of Makeda, the kynge of Bethel,
12:17the kynge of Tapnah, the kynge of Hepher,
12:18the kynge of Aphek, the kynge of Lasaron,
12:19the kynge of Madan, the kynge of Hasor,
12:20the kynge of Simron Meron, the kynge of Achsaph,
12:21the kynge of Tahenah, the kynge of Megido,
12:22the kynge of Cades, the kynge of Iakneam by Carmel,
12:23the kynge in the lordshippes of Dor, the kynge of the Heithen at Gilgall,
12:24the kynge of Thirza. These are one and thirtie kynges.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.