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Coverdale Bible 1535



26:1And it came to passe wha Iesus had fynished all these wordes, he sayde vnto his disciples:
26:2Ye knowe, that after two dayes shalbe Easter, and the sonne of man shalbe delyuered to be crucified.
26:3Then assembled together the hye prestes and the scrybes, and the elders of the people in to the palace of the hye prest which was called Caiphas,
26:4and helde a councell, how they might take Iesus by disceate, and kyll him.
26:5But they sayde: Not on the holy daye, lest there be an vproure in the people.
26:6Now when Iesus was at Bethany in the house of Symon the leper,
26:7there came vnto hi a woman, which had a boxe with precious oyntment, and poured it vpon his heade, as he sat at the table.
26:8Whan his disciples sawe that, they dissdayned, and sayde: Where to serueth this waist?
26:9This oyntmet might haue bene wel solde, and geue to the poore.
26:10Whe Iesus perceaued that, he sayde vnto them: Why trouble ye the woman? She hath wrought a good worke vpon me
26:11for ye haue allwaye the poore with you, but me shal ye not haue allwayes.
26:12Where as she hath poured this oyntmet vpon my body, she dyd it to bury me.
26:13Verely I saye vnto you: where so euer this gospell shalbe preached thorow out all the worlde, there shal this also that she hath done, be tolde for a memoriall of her.
26:14Then one of the twolue (called Iudas Iscarioth) wente vnto the hye prestes,
26:15and sayde: What wil ye geue me, and I shal delyuer him vnto you? And they offred hi thirtie syluer pens.
26:16And from that tyme forth, he sought oportunyte to betraye him?
26:17The first daye of swete bred came the disciples to Iesus, and sayde vnto him: Where wilt thou that we prepare for the, to eate the Easter lambe?
26:18He sayde: Go in to the cite to soch a man, and saye vnto him: The Master sendeth the worde: My tyme is at honde, I wil kepe myne Easter by the with my disciples.
26:19And the disciples dyd as Iesus had appoynted them, and made ready the Easter lambe.
26:20And at euen he sat downe at the table with the twolue.
26:21And as they ate, he sayde: Verely I saye vnto you: One of you shal betraye me.
26:22And they were exceadinge soroufull, and beganne euery one of them to saye vnto him: Syr, is it I?
26:23He answered and sayde: He that deppeth his honde with me in the dysshe, the same shal betraye me.
26:24The sonne of man goeth forth, as it is wrytten of him: but wo vnto that man by who the sonne of man shalbe betrayed: It had bene better for that ma, yf he had neuer bene borne.
26:25The Iudas that betrayed him, answered and sayde: Master, is it I? He sayde vnto: him Thou hast sayde.
26:26And as they ate, Iesus toke the bred, gaue thankes, brake it, and gaue it to the disciples, and sayde: Take, eate, this is my body.
26:27And he toke the cuppe, and thanked, and gaue it the, and sayde: Drynke ye all therof,
26:28this is my bloude of the new testament, that shalbe shed for many for the remission of synnes.
26:29I saye vnto you: I wil not drynke hence forth of this frute of the vyne tre, vntill that daye that I shal drynke it new with you in my fathers kyngdome.
26:30And whan they had sayde grace, they wente forth vnto mount Oliuete.
26:31Then sayde Iesus vnto them. This night shal ye all be offended in me. For it is wrytten: I wil smyte the shepherde, and the shepe of the flocke shalbe scatered abrode.
26:32But after that I ryse agayne, I wil go before you in to Galile.
26:33Peter answered and sayde vnto him: Though all men shulde be offended in ye, yet wyl I neuer be offeded.
26:34Iesus sayde vnto hi: Verely I saye vnto ye: This same night before ye cock crowe, shalt thou denie me thryse.
26:35Peter saide vnto him: And though I shulde dye with the, yet wil I not denye the. Likewyse also sayde all the disciples.
26:36Then came Iesus with them into a felde which is called Gethsemane, and sayde vnto the disciples: Syt ye here, whyle I go yonder & praye.
26:37And he toke with him Peter, and the two sonnes of Zebede, and beganne to wexe soroufull and to be in an agonye.
26:38Then sayde Iesus vnto them: My soule is heuy euen vnto the death. Tary ye here, and watch with me.
26:39And he wente forth a litle, and fell flat vpon his face, and prayed sayenge: O my father, yf it be possible, let this cuppe passe fro me: neuertheles not as I wil but as thou wilt.
26:40And he came to his disciples, and founde the a slepe, & sayde vnto Peter: What? coude ye not watch with me one houre?
26:41Watch & praye, that ye fall not in to temptacion. The sprete is wyllinge, but the flesh is weake.
26:42Agayne, he wete forth the seconde tyme and prayed, sayenge: O my father, yf this cuppe can not passe awaye fro me (excepte I drynke of it) thy will be fulfilled.
26:43And he came, and founde them a slepe agayne, and their eyes were heuy.
26:44And he left them, and wente forth agayne, and prayed the thirde tyme, sayenge the same wordes.
26:45Then came he to his disciples, and sayde vnto them: Slepe on now, and take youre rest. Beholde, the houre is come, yt the sonne of man shalbe delyuered in to the hondes of synners:
26:46Aryse, let us be goynge. Beholde, he is at hode, that betrayeth me.
26:47Whyle he yet spake, lo, Iudas one of the twolue came, and with him a greate multitude with swerdes and staues, sent fro the hye prestes and elders of the people.
26:48And he that betrayed him, had geuen them a toke, sayenge: Whom so euer I kysse, that same is he, laye hodes vpo him.
26:49And forth withal he came to Iesus, and sayde: Hayle master, and kyssed him.
26:50And Iesus sayde vnto him: Frende, wherfore art thou come? Then came they, and layed hondes vpon Iesus, and toke him.
26:51And beholde, one of them that were with Iesus, stretched out his honde, and drue his swerde, and stroke a seruaunt of the hye prestes, & smote of his eare:
26:52Then sayde Iesus vnto him: Put vp yi swerde in to his place. For all that take the swerde, shal perish with the swerde.
26:53Or thinkest thou that I can not praye my father now, to sende me more then twolue legions of angels?
26:54But how the shulde the scriptures be fulfylled? For thus must it be.
26:55In the same houre sayde Iesus vnto the multitude: Ye are come out as it were to a murthurer with swerdes and staues for to take me. I sat daylie teachinge in the temple amonge you, and ye toke me not.
26:56But all this is done, that the scriptures of the prophetes might be fulfylled.
26:57The all the disciples left him, and fled. But they that toke Iesus, led him to Caiphas the hye prest, where the scrybes and the elders were gathered together.
26:58As for Peter, he folowed him a farre of vnto the hye prestes palace, & wente in, and sat with the seruauntes, that he might se the ende.
26:59But the hye prestes and the elders, and the whole councell sought false wytnesse ageynst Iesus, that they might put him to death,
26:60and founde none. And though many false wytnesses stepte forth, yet founde they none. At the last there stepte forth two false wytnesses,
26:61& spake: He sayde: I can breake downe the temple of God, and buylde it agayne in thre dayes.
26:62And the hye prest stode vp, and sayde vnto him: Answerest thou nothinge, vnto it, that these testifie agaynst the?
26:63Neuertheles Iesus helde his tonge. And the hye prest answered, and sayde vnto him: I charge the by ye lyuynge God, that thou tell us, yf thou be Christ the sonne of God.
26:64Iesus spake: Thou hast sayde it. Neuerthelesse I saye vnto you: From this tyme forth it shal come to passe, that ye shal se the sonne of man syttinge vpon the right hande of the power (of God) and commynge in the cloudes of the heauen.
26:65Then the hye prest rente his clothes, and sayde: He hath blasphemed, what nede we eny mo wytnesses? Lo, now haue ye herde his blasphemy:
26:66What thinke ye? They answered, & sayde: He is gyltie of death.
26:67Then spytted they in his face, & smote him with fistes. Some smote him
26:68vpon the face, and sayde: Prophecie vnto us thou Christ, who is it, that smote the?
26:69As for Peter, he sat without in the palace. And there came vnto him a damsell, and sayde: And thou wast with Iesus of Galile also.
26:70Neuertheles he denyed before the all, and sayde: I can not tell what thou sayest.
26:71But whan he wete out at the dore, another damsell sawe him. and sayde vnto them that were there: This was also with Iesus of Nazareth.
26:72And he denyed agayne, and sware also: I knowe not the ma.
26:73And after a litle whyle, they that stode there, stepte forth, and sayde vnto Peter: Of a trueth thou art one of them also, for thy speach bewrayeth the.
26:74Then begane he to curse and to sweare: I knowe not the man. And immediatly the cock crew.
26:75Then thought Peter vpon the wordes of Iesus, which sayde vnto him: before the cock crow, thou shalt denye me thryse. And he wente out, and wepte bytterly.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.