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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

 

   

2:1AND the heavens and the earth shall be completed and all their army.
2:2And God will complete in the seventh day his work which he made, and he will rest in the seventh day from all his work which he made.
2:3And God will praise the seventh day, and will consecrate it, because in it he ceased from all his works which God formed to make.
2:4These the generations of the heavens and the earth in creating them, in the day of Jehovah God's making the earth and the heavens.
2:5And every green thing of the field before it shall be in the earth, and every green herb of the field before it will spring up: for Jehovah God rained not upon the earth and not a man to work the earth.
2:6And a vapor shall go up from the earth and it watered all the face of the earth.
2:7And Jehovah God will form man of the dust from the earth, and will blow into his nostrils the breath of lives, and man shall be for a living soul.
2:8And Jehovah God will plant a garden in Eden from the east; and he will put there the man which he will form.
2:9And Jehovah God will cause to grow out of the earth every tree pleasant to the sight, and good for food; and the tree of lives in the midst of the garden, and the tree to know good and evil.
2:10And a river shall go out from Eden to water the garden, and from thence it shall be separated into four heads.
2:11The name of the one, Pison: it is that surrounding all the land Havilah, where there is gold.
2:12And the gold of that land is good. There bdellium and onyx stone.
2:13And the name of the second river, Gihon: that surrounding all the land of Cush.
2:14And the name of the third river, Hiddekel, that going forth east of Assyria. And the fourth river, Euphrates.
2:15And Jehovah God will take the man and will set him down in the garden of Eden to work it and to keep it.
2:16And Jehovah God will appoint to the man, saying, From every tree of the garden eating, thou shalt eat.
2:17But from the tree to know good and evil thou shalt not eat from it, for in the day of thy eating from it, dying, thou shalt die.
2:18And Jehovah God will say, It is not good for man to be alone; I will make for him a help as before him.
2:19And Jehovah God will form out of the earth every living thing of the field, and all the birds of the heavens, and he will bring in to the man to see what he will call to it; and all which the man will call it to the living soul, that its name.
2:20And the man will call the names to all the cattle, and to the birds of the heavens, and to every living thing of the field; but to the man was not found a help as before him.
2:21And Jehovah God will cause to fall a deep sleep upon the man, and he will sleep; and he will take one of his ribs and will close up the flesh underneath it
2:22And Jehovah God will build the rib which he took from the man, into a woman, and will bring her to the man.
2:23And the man will say, This is now bone of my bone and flesh of my flesh; and this shall be called woman, because she was taken from man.
2:24Therefore a man will leave his father and his mother and will cleave to his woman; and they shall be into one flesh.
2:25And they two shall be naked, the man and his woman, and they shall not be &shamed.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.