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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

 

   

39:1And Joseph was brought down to Egypt: and Potiphar will buy him, Pharaoh's eunuch, chief of the cooks, an Egyptian man, from the hand of the Ishmaelites who brought him down there.
39:2And Jehovah will be with Joseph, and the man will be prospering: and he will be in the house of his lord the Egyptian.
39:3And his lord will see that Jehovah is with him, and all that he did Jehovah prospering in his hand.
39:4And Joseph will find grace in his eyes, and he will serve him, and he will appoint him over his house, and all which is to him he gave into his hand.
39:5And it will be from the time he appointed him over his house, and over all which is to him, and Jehovah will bless the Egyptian's house on account of Joseph; and the blessing of Jehovah will be upon all which is to him in the house and in the field.
39:6And he will let go all which is to him into the hand of Joseph; and he will not, know anything except the bread which he is eating: and Joseph will be fair of form, and fair of look.
39:7And it will be after these words, and his lord's wife will lift up her eyes to Joseph, and she will say, Lie with me.
39:8And he will refuse, and will say to his lord's wife, Behold, my lord knew not what is with me in the house, and all which is to him he gave into my hand;
39:9Nothing is great in this house above me: and he kept not back anything from me except thee, because thou his wife: and how shall I do this great evil and sin before God?
39:10And it will be in her speaking to Joseph day by day, and he listened not to her to he by her, to be with her.
39:11And it will be about this day, and he will come into the house to do his work: and no man from the men of the house there in the house.
39:12And she will seize him by his garment, saying, Lie with me. And he will let go his garment in her hand, and will flee and come forth without
39:13And it will be when she saw that he let go his garment in her hand and will flee without,
39:14And she will call the men of her house and will say to them, saying, See ye, he brought to us a Hebrew man to mock us: he came to me to lie with me, and I shall cry with a great voice.
39:15And it will be as he heard me that I lifted up my voice and I will cry, and he will let go his garment by me, will flee and come forth without
39:16And she will leave his garment by her till his lord came to his house.
39:17And she will speak to him according to these words, saying, The Hebrew servant which thou broughtest to us, came in to me to mock me.
39:18And it will be as I lifted up my voice, and I will cry out, and he will let go his garment by me and will flee without
39:19And it will be as his lord heard the words of his wife which she spake to him, saying, According to these words thy servant did to me; and his anger will be kindled.
39:20And Joseph's lord will take him and put him into the house of the fortress, the place where the king's prisoners were bound; and he shall be there in the house of the fortress.
39:21And Jehovah will be with Joseph, and will extend to him kindness, and will give his grace in the eyes of the chief of the house of the fortress.
39:22And the chief of the house of the fortress will give into Joseph's hand all the prisoners that were in the house of the fortress; and all which was done there he was doing.
39:23The chief of the house of the fortress saw not all the things in his hand, because Jehovah was with him: and what he did Jehovah prospering.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.