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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

 

   

34:1And Dinah, the daughter of Leah, which she brought forth to Jacob, will go forth to see the daughters of the land.
34:2And Shechem will see her, the son of Hamor the Hivite, chief of the land; will take her, and lie with her, and will humble her.
34:3And his soul will cleave to Dinah, the daughter of Jacob, and he will love the maiden, and he will speak to the heart of the maiden.
34:4And Shechem will say to Hamor his father, saying, Take to me this maid for a wife.
34:5And Jacob heard that he defiled Dinah his daughter: and his sons were with his cattle in the field, and Jacob was silent till their coming.
34:6And Hamor the father of Shechem will go forth to Jacob to speak to him.
34:7And the sons of Jacob came from the field when they having heard: and the men will be grieved, and it will be kindled to them exceedingly because he did folly in Israel, to lie with Jacob's daughter; and thus it shall not be done.
34:8And Hamor will speak with them, saying, The soul of Shechem my son, was attached with his soul to your daughter; now give her to him for a wife.
34:9And contract ye marriages with us; ye shall give your daughters to us, and ye shall take our daughters to you.
34:10And ye shall dwell with us, and the land shall be before you; dwell ye and traffic in it, and take possession in it
34:11And Shechem will say to her father, and to her brethren, Shall I find favor in your eyes? and what ye shall say to me I will give.
34:12Increase to me greatly the dowry and gift, and I will give according to that ye shall say to me; and ye shall give to me this maiden for a wife.
34:13And the sons of Jacob will answer Shechem and Hamor his father with deceit, and will say, Because he defiled Dinah their sister.
34:14And they will say to them, We shall not be able to do this word, to give our sister to a man which to him is uncircumcision; for this a reproach to us.
34:15But in this will we consent to you, if ye will be as we to circumcise to you every male;
34:16And we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you and be one people.
34:17And if ye will not listen to us to be circumcised, and we will take out daughter and depart
34:18And their words will be pleasing in the eyes of Hamor, and in the eyes of Shechem, Hamor's son.
34:19And the youth deferred not to do the word, for he delighted in Jacob's daughter, and he was honorable more than all his father's house.
34:20And Hamor will come, and Shechem his son, to the gate of their city, and they will speak to the men of the city, saying,
34:21These men they are living peacefully with us, and they shall dwell in the land, and traffic in it; and the land, behold, being broad to the hands be. fore them: we will take their daughters to us for wives, and give our daughters to them.
34:22Only in this will the men consent to us to dwell with us to be for one people, in the circumcising to us every male according as they having been circumcised.
34:23Their cattle and their possession and all their quadrupeds, shall they not be to us? only we will consent to them, and they will dwell with us.
34:24And to Hamor and to Shechem his son, will listen all going out of the gate of the city: and they will circumcise every male, all going out of the gate of the city.
34:25And it will be in the third day, in their having pain, and the two sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, will take a man his sword, and will go against the city securely, and will kill every male.
34:26And they killed Hamor and Shechem his son, with the mouth of the sword; and they will take Dinah from the house of Shechem, and go forth.
34:27The sons of Jacob came upon the wounded, and they will plunder the city, because they defiled their sister.
34:28Their sheep and their oxen and their asses, and what was in the city, and what in the field, they took.
34:29And all their force and all their little ones, and their wives they led captive, and they will plunder all which is in the house.
34:30And Jacob will say to Simeon and to Levi, Ye troubled me to make me evil to him dwelling in the land to the Canaanites, and to the Perizzites and I men of number, and they will gather together and smite me, and I all be destroyed, and my house.
34:31And they will say, Shall he do to our sister as an harlot?
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.