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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

 

   

4:1AND Adam knew Life, his wife, and she will conceive and bear Cain, and said, I obtained a man of Jehovah.
4:2And she will add to bear his brother Abel; and Abel shall be a feeder of sheep, and Cain was a laborer of the earth.
4:3And it shall be at the end of days, and Cain shall bring in from the fruit of the earth an offering to Jehovah.
4:4And Abel, he also brought in the first-born of his sheep, and their fat. And Jehovah will look to Abel and to his gift
4:5And to Cain and to his offering he looked not: and Cain will be very angry, and his countenance will fall.
4:6And Jehovah will say to Cain, Why art thou angry, and why does thy countenance fall?
4:7If thou shalt do well thou shalt be lifted up; and if thou shalt not do well, sin lies at the entrance; and to thee his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
4:8And Cain will speak to Abel his brother; and it shall be in their being in the field, Cain will rise up against Abel his brother, and will kill him.
4:9And Jehovah will say to Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? and he will say, I know not: am I my brother's watcher?
4:10And he will say, What didst thou? the voice of thy brother's bloods, crying out to me from the earth.
4:11And now cursed art thou, from the earth, which opened her mouth to take thy brother's bloods from thy hand.
4:12When thou shalt work the earth she shall not add to give her strength to thee. Wandering and fleeing shalt thou be in the earth.
4:13And Cain will say to Jehovah, My sin is great, above bearing.
4:14Lo, thou didst drive me out this day from above the face of the earth, and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be wandering and fleeing in the earth; and it shall be, every one finding me will kill me.
4:15And Jehovah will say to him, Therefore, every one killing Cain, he shall be avenged seven fold. And Jehovah will put a sign upon Cain, lest any finding him, smite him.
4:16And Cain went out from the face of Jehovah, and dwelt in the land of Nod, eastward of Eden.
4:17And Cain will know his wife, and she will conceive and bear Enoch: and he will be building a city, and will call the name of the city after the name of his son Enoch.
4:18And to Enoch shall be born Irad; and Irad begat Mehujael; and Mehujael begat Methusael; and Methusael begat Lamech.
4:19And Lamech shall take to him two women: the name of the one Adah, and the name of the second, Zillah.
4:20And Adah will bear Jabal; he was the father of him remaining in the tent, and riches.
4:21And his brother's name Jubal; he was father of all laying hold of the harp and pipe.
4:22And Zillah, she also will bear Tubal Cain, sharpening every cutting instrument of brass and iron: and Tubal Cain's sister was Naamah.
4:23And Lamech will say his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice, ye wives of Lamech, and give ear to my word: for I killed a man to my wound, and a son to my cutting.
4:24If Cain shall be avenged seven fold, also Lamech seventy and seven.
4:25And Adam will know his wife again, and she will bear a son, and she will call his name Seth: for God set me a second seed instead of Abel, for Cain slew him.
4:26And to Seth, to him also a son shall be born, and he will call his name Enos: then it was begun to call in the name of Jehovah.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.