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Textus Receptus Bibles

Coverdale Bible 1535



34:1And the LORDE sayde vnto Moses: Hew the two tables of stone, like as ye first were, that I maye wryte in them the wordes, yt were in the first tables, which thou brakest:
34:2and be ready in the mornynge, that thou mayest come vp early vnto mout Sinai, and stonde me vpon the toppe of the mount.
34:3And let no man come vp with the, that there be no man sene thorow out all ye mount: and let nether shepe ner oxen fede before the mount.
34:4And Moses hewed two tables of stone, like as the first were, & arose early in the mornynge, & wente vp vnto mount Sinai, as ye LORDE comaunded him, & toke ye two tables of stone in his hade.
34:5The came the LORDE downe in a cloude. And there he stepte vnto him, & called vpo ye name of ye LORDE.
34:6And whan ye LORDE passed by before his face, he cryed: LORDE LORDE, God, mercifull & gracious, & longe sufferinge, and of greate mercy and trueth,
34:7thou that kepest mercy in stoare for thousandes, and forgeuest wickednes, trespace and synne (before whom there is no man innocent) thou that visitest the wickednesse of the fathers vpon ye children and childers children, vnto the thirde and fourth generacion.
34:8And Moses bowed him self downe vnto the earth, and worshiped him,
34:9and saide: LORDE, yf I haue founde grace in thy sight, the let the LORDE go with vs (for it is an hard necked people) that thou mayest haue mercy vpon oure wickednesses and synnes, and let vs be thyne inheritaunce.
34:10And he sayde: Beholde, I make a couenaunt before all yi people, & wil do wonders, soch as haue not bene done in all londes, and amonge all people. And all ye people amoge whom thou art, shal se ye worke of ye LORDE, for a terryble thinge shal it be, yt I wyl do wt the.
34:11Kepe that I commaunde ye this daye. Beholde, I wyl cast out before the: ye Amorites, Cananites, Hethites, Pheresites, Heuytes and Iebusites.
34:12Bewarre, that thou make no couenaunt with the indwellers of the lande yt thou commest in to, lest they be cause of yi ruyne in the myddest of the:
34:13but their alters shalt thou ouerthrowe, & breake downe their goddes, and rote out their groaues:
34:14for thou shalt worshipe no other god. For ye LORDE is called gelous, because he is a gelous God:
34:15lest (yf thou make any agrement with the indwellers of the londe, and whan they go a whoringe after their goddes, and do sacrifice vnto their goddes) they call ye, and thou eate of their sacrifice,
34:16and lest thou take of their doughters vnto thy sonnes to wyues, and the same go a whoringe after their goddes,
34:17& make thy sonnes go a whoringe after their goddes also. Thou shalt make ye no goddes of metall.
34:18The feast of swete bred shalt thou kepe. Seuen daies shalt thou eate vnleueded bred, like as I comaunded the in the tyme of the moneth Abib: for in the moneth Abib thou wentest out of Egipte.
34:19All yt first breaketh the Matrix, is myne, soch as shalbe male amoge ye catell, yt breaketh the Matrix, whether it be oxe or shepe.
34:20But the first of thyne Asse shalt thou bye out wt a shepe: yf thou redeme it not, then breake his necke. All the first borne of thy children shalt thou redeme. And se that no man appeare before me emptye.
34:21Sixe dayes shalt thou labor, vpon ye seueth daye shalt thou rest both from plowinge and reapynge.
34:22The feast of wekes shalt thou kepe with the firstlinges of the wheate haruest: and the feast of yngaderynge at ye yeares ende.
34:23Thryse in a yeare shal all yor men children appeare before the Souernoure, euen the LORDE and God of Israel.
34:24Whan I shal cast out the Heithen before the, & enlarge yi borders, there shal no man desyre thy lode: for so moch as thou goest vp thre tymes in the yeare, to appeare before ye LORDE thy God.
34:25Thou shalt not offer the bloude of my sacrifice wt leueded bred. And the offerynge of the Easterfeast shal not remayne ouer night vntill the mornynge.
34:26The firstlinges of ye first frutes of thy lode shalt thou brynge in to the house of the LORDE thy God. Thou shalt not seith a kydd, whyle it is yet in his mothers mylke.
34:27And the LORDE saide vnto Moses: wryte these wordes, for because of these wordes haue I made a couenaunt with the & with Israel.
34:28And he was there with the LORDE fourtye dayes and fourtye nightes, and ate no bred, and dranke no water. And he wrote in the tables the wordes of the couenaut, euen ten verses.
34:29Now wha Moses came downe fro mout Sinai, he had the two tables of wytnesse in his hande, & wyst not yt the skynne of his face shyned, because he had talked with him.
34:30And wha Aaron & all the childre of Israel sawe yt the skynne of his face shyned, they were afrayed to come nye him.
34:31The Moses called them. And they returned vnto him, both Aaron & all the chefest of the cogregacion. And he talked wt them.
34:32Afterwarde came all the children of Israel vnto him. And he comaunded the, all yt the LORDE had sayde vnto him vpon the mount Sinai.
34:33Now whan he had made an ende of talkynge wt the, he put a couerynge vpo his face.
34:34And whan he wete in before ye LORDE to talke wt him, he toke ye couerynge of, till he wete out agayne. And whan he came forth & spake wt the childre of Israel what was comaunded him,
34:35the the childre of Israel sawe his face, how yt the skynne of his face shyned: so he put the couerynge vpo his face agayne, tyll he wente in agayne to talke with him.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.