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Textus Receptus Bibles

Geneva Bible 1560

 

   

44:1Afterward he commanded his steward, saying, Fill the mens sackes with foode, as much as they can carry, and put euery mans money in his sackes mouth.
44:2And put my cup, I meane the siluer cup, in the sackes mouth of the yongest, and his corne money. And he did according to the commandement that Ioseph gaue him.
44:3And in the morning the men were sent away, they, and their asses.
44:4And when they went out of the citie not farre off, Ioseph sayd to his stewarde, Vp, follow after the men: and when thou doest ouertake them, say vnto them, Wherefore haue ye rewarded euill for good?
44:5Is that not the cuppe, wherein my Lord drinketh? and in the which he doeth deuine and prophecie? ye haue done euill in so doing.
44:6And when he ouertooke them, he sayde those wordes vnto them.
44:7And they answered him, Wherefore sayeth my lorde such wordes? God forbid that thy seruants should do such a thing.
44:8Behold, the money which we found in our sackes mouthes, wee brought againe to thee out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steale out of thy lordes house siluer or golde?
44:9With whomesoeuer of thy seruants it bee found, let him dye, and we also will be my lordes bondmen.
44:10And he said, Now then let it be according vnto your wordes: he with whome it is found, shall be my seruant, and ye shalbe blamelesse.
44:11Then at once euery man tooke downe his sacke to the grounde, and euery one opened his sacke.
44:12And he searched, and began at the eldest and left at the yongest: and the cuppe was found in Beniamins sacke.
44:13Then they rent their clothes, and laded euery man his asse, and went againe into the citie.
44:14So Iudah and his brethren came to Iosephs house (for he was yet there) and they fel before him on the ground.
44:15Then Ioseph sayd vnto them, What acte is this, which ye haue done? know ye not that such a man as I, can deuine and prophecie?
44:16Then sayd Iudah, What shall we say vnto my lord? what shall we speake? and howe can we iustifie our selues? God hath found out the wickednesse of thy seruants: beholde, we are seruants to my Lord, both wee, and he, with whome the cuppe is founde.
44:17But he answered, God forbid, that I should doe so, but the man, with whome the cuppe is founde, he shalbe my seruant, and go ye in peace vnto your father.
44:18Then Iudah drewe neere vnto him, and sayde, O my Lord, let thy seruant nowe speake a worde in my lordes eares, and let not thy wrath be kindled against thy seruant: for thou art euen as Pharaoh.
44:19My Lord asked his seruants, saying, Haue ye a father, or a brother?
44:20And we answered my Lord, We haue a father that is olde, and a young childe, which he begate in his age: and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loueth him.
44:21Now thou saidest vnto thy seruants, Bring him vnto me, that I may set mine eye vpon him.
44:22And we answered my lord, The childe can not depart from his father: for if he leaue his father, his father would die.
44:23Then saydest thou vnto thy seruants, Except your yonger brother come downe with you, looke in my face no more.
44:24So when we came vnto thy seruant our father, and shewed him what my lord had sayd,
44:25And our father sayde vnto vs, Goe againe, bye vs a litle foode,
44:26Then we answered, We can not go downe: but if our yongest brother go with vs, then will we go downe: for we may not see the mans face, except our yongest brother be with vs.
44:27Then thy seruant my father sayde vnto vs, Ye knowe that my wife bare me two sonnes,
44:28And the one went out from me, and I said, Of a suretie he is torne in pieces, and I sawe him not since.
44:29Nowe yee take this also away from me: if death take him, then yee shall bring my graye head in sorowe to the graue.
44:30Nowe therefore, when I come to thy seruant my father, and the childe be not with vs (seeing that his life dependeth on the childes life)
44:31Then when hee shall see that the childe is not come, he will die: so shall thy seruants bring the graye head of thy seruant our father with sorowe to the graue.
44:32Doubtlesse thy seruant became suertie for the childe to my father, and said, If I bring him not vnto thee againe, then I will beare the blame vnto my father for euer.
44:33Nowe therefore, I pray thee, let me thy seruant bide for the childe, as a seruant to my Lord, and let the childe go vp with his brethren.
44:34For how can I go vp to my father, if the childe be not with me, vnlesse I woulde see the euil that shall come on my father?
Geneva Bible 1560

Geneva Bible 1560

The Geneva Bible is one of the most influential and historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James translation by 51 years. It was the primary Bible of 16th century Protestantism and was the Bible used by William Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, and John Bunyan. The language of the Geneva Bible was more forceful and vigorous and because of this, most readers strongly preferred this version at the time.

The Geneva Bible was produced by a group of English scholars who, fleeing from the reign of Queen Mary, had found refuge in Switzerland. During the reign of Queen Mary, no Bibles were printed in England, the English Bible was no longer used in churches and English Bibles already in churches were removed and burned. Mary was determined to return Britain to Roman Catholicism.

The first English Protestant to die during Mary's turbulent reign was John Rogers in 1555, who had been the editor of the Matthews Bible. At this time, hundreds of Protestants left England and headed for Geneva, a city which under the leadership of Calvin, had become the intellectual and spiritual capital of European Protestants.

One of these exiles was William Whittingham, a fellow of Christ Church at Oxford University, who had been a diplomat, a courtier, was much traveled and skilled in many languages including Greek and Hebrew. He eventually succeeded John Knox as the minister of the English congregation in Geneva. Whittingham went on to publish the 1560 Geneva Bible.

This version is significant because, it came with a variety of scriptural study guides and aids, which included verse citations that allow the reader to cross-reference one verse with numerous relevant verses in the rest of the Bible, introductions to each book of the Bible that acted to summarize all of the material that each book would cover, maps, tables, woodcut illustrations, indices, as well as other included features, all of which would eventually lead to the reputation of the Geneva Bible as history's very first study Bible.