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Textus Receptus Bibles

Geneva Bible 1560

 

   

9:1And God blessed Noah and his sonnes, and said to them, Bring foorth fruite, and multiplie, and replenish the earth.
9:2Also the feare of you, and the dread of you shalbe vpon euery beast of the earth, and vpon euery foule of the heauen, vpon all that moueth on the earth, and vpon all the fishes of the sea: into your hand are they deliuered.
9:3Euery thing that moueth and liueth, shall be meate for you: as the greene herbe, haue I giuen you all things.
9:4But flesh with the life thereof, I meane, with the blood thereof, shall ye not eate.
9:5For surely I will require your blood, wherein your liues are: at the hand of euery beast will I require it: and at the hand of man, euen at the hand of a mans brother will I require the life of man.
9:6Who so sheadeth mans blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God hath he made man.
9:7But bring ye forth fruite and multiplie: grow plentifully in the earth, and increase therein.
9:8God spake also to Noah and to his sonnes with him, saying,
9:9Behold, I, euen I establish my couenant with you, and with your seede after you,
9:10And with euery liuing creature that is with you, with the foule, with the cattell, and with euery beast of the earth with you, from all that goe out of the Arke, vnto euery beast of the earth.
9:11And my couenant will I establish with you, that from henceforth all flesh shall not be rooted out by ye waters of the flood, neither shall there be a flood to destroy the earth any more.
9:12Then God saide, This is the token of the couenant which I make betweene me and you, and betweene euery liuing thing, that is with you vnto perpetuall generations.
9:13I haue set my bowe in the cloude, and it shalbe for a signe of the couenant betweene me and the earth.
9:14And when I shall couer the earth with a cloud, and the bowe shall be seene in the cloude,
9:15Then will I remember my couenant, which is betweene me and you, and betweene euery liuing thing in all flesh, and there shalbe no more waters of a flood to destroy all flesh.
9:16Therefore the bowe shalbe in the cloude, that I may see it, and remember the euerlasting couenant betweene God, and euery liuing thing in all flesh that is vpon the earth.
9:17God said yet to Noah, This is the signe of the couenant, which I haue established betweene me and all flesh that is vpon the earth.
9:18Nowe the sonnes of Noah going foorth of the Arke, were Shem and Ham and Iapheth. And Ham is the father of Canaan.
9:19These are the three sonnes of Noah, and of them was the whole earth ouerspred.
9:20Noah also began to be an husband man and planted a vineyard.
9:21And he drunke of ye wine and was drunken, and was vncouered in the middes of his tent.
9:22And when Ham the father of Canaan sawe the nakednesse of his father, he tolde his two brethren without.
9:23Then tooke Shem and Iapheth a garment, and put it vpon both their shoulders, and went backwarde, and couered the nakednesse of their father with their faces backwarde: so they sawe not their fathers nakednesse.
9:24Then Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his yonger sonne had done vnto him,
9:25And said, Cursed be Canaan: a seruant of seruants shall he be vnto his brethren.
9:26He said moreouer, blessed be the Lord God of Shem, and let Canaan be his seruant.
9:27God perswade Iapheth, that he may dwell in the tentes of Shem, and let Canaan be his seruant.
9:28And Noah liued after the flood three hundreth and fiftie yeeres.
9:29So all the dayes of Noah were nine hundreth and fiftie yeeres: and he died.
Geneva Bible 1560

Geneva Bible 1560

The Geneva Bible is one of the most influential and historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James translation by 51 years. It was the primary Bible of 16th century Protestantism and was the Bible used by William Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, and John Bunyan. The language of the Geneva Bible was more forceful and vigorous and because of this, most readers strongly preferred this version at the time.

The Geneva Bible was produced by a group of English scholars who, fleeing from the reign of Queen Mary, had found refuge in Switzerland. During the reign of Queen Mary, no Bibles were printed in England, the English Bible was no longer used in churches and English Bibles already in churches were removed and burned. Mary was determined to return Britain to Roman Catholicism.

The first English Protestant to die during Mary's turbulent reign was John Rogers in 1555, who had been the editor of the Matthews Bible. At this time, hundreds of Protestants left England and headed for Geneva, a city which under the leadership of Calvin, had become the intellectual and spiritual capital of European Protestants.

One of these exiles was William Whittingham, a fellow of Christ Church at Oxford University, who had been a diplomat, a courtier, was much traveled and skilled in many languages including Greek and Hebrew. He eventually succeeded John Knox as the minister of the English congregation in Geneva. Whittingham went on to publish the 1560 Geneva Bible.

This version is significant because, it came with a variety of scriptural study guides and aids, which included verse citations that allow the reader to cross-reference one verse with numerous relevant verses in the rest of the Bible, introductions to each book of the Bible that acted to summarize all of the material that each book would cover, maps, tables, woodcut illustrations, indices, as well as other included features, all of which would eventually lead to the reputation of the Geneva Bible as history's very first study Bible.