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Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



11:1And faith is the foundation of things hoped for, the proof of things not seen.
11:2For by this were the elders testified of.
11:3By faith we perceive that the times were adjusted by the word of God, so that things seen have been born not of things brought to light.
11:4By faith Abel brought near a greater sacrifice to God than Cain, by which he was testified of to be just, God testifying of his gifts; and by it he being dead yet speaks.
11:5By faith Enoch was transferred not to see death; and was not found, because God had transferred him: for before his transferring he had been testified of, to have pleased God.
11:6And without faith it is impossible to please: for he approaching to God must believe that he is, and is a remunerator to them seeking him out.
11:7By faith Noah, having an intimation of the divine will of things not yet seen, being circumspect, prepared an ark for the salvation of his house; by which he condemned the world, and by faith became an heir of justice.
11:8By faith Abraham, being called, listened, to go forth into the place which he was about to receive for an inheritance; and he came out, not knowing where he is coming.
11:9By faith he dwelt in the land of promise, as a strange land, having dwelt in tents with Isaac and Jacob, co-heirs of the same promise:
11:10For he awaited a city having foundations, whose artificer and maker is God.
11:11By faith Sara also herself received power for the laying down of seed, and brought forth during the time of age, for she deemed him faithful having promised.
11:12Wherefore also from one were they born, and these of him having been dead, as the stars of heaven for multitude, and as the sand near the lip of the sea innumerable.
11:13According to faith died all these, not having received the promises, but having seen them from afar, and been persuaded, and having embraced, and assented that they are strangers and newly arrived from a foreign country upon earth.
11:14For they saying such things show clearly that they seek a country.
11:15And truly if they remembered that from which they came out, they had time to have returned.
11:16And now they feel an ardent desire for a better, that is, a heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed of them to be called their God: for he prepared for them a city.
11:17By faith Abraham had brought near Isaac, being tried: and he having received the promises brought near the only born,
11:18To whom it was spoken, That in Isaac shall seed be called to thee:
11:19Reckoning that God was also able to raise from the dead; whence he also received him in a parable.
11:20By faith concerning things about to be, Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau.
11:21By faith Jacob, dying, blessed each of Joseph's sons; and worshipped, upon the extremity of his rod.
11:22By faith Joseph, dying, made mention of the departure of the sons of Israel: and charged concerning his bones.
11:23By faith Moses, born, was hidden three months by his parents, because they saw a shrewd child; and they were not afraid of the edict of the king.
11:24By faith Moses, having become great, refused to be reckoned the son of Pharaoh's daughter;
11:25Having chosen rather to be treated ill with the people of God, than to have the enjoyment of sin for a time;
11:26Having deemed the reproach of Christ greater riches than treasures in Egypt: for he looked to the payment of reward.
11:27By faith he forsook Egypt, not having feared the king's wrath: for, as seeing the invisible, he was strong.
11:28By faith he has kept the pascha, and the pouring out of blood, lest he destroying the first born should touch them.
11:29By faith they passed through the Red sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians having tried were swallowed down.
11:30By faith the walls of Jericho fell, having been surrounded for seven days.
11:31By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with the unbelieving, having received the spies with peace.
11:32And what more do I say? for the time will fail me recounting of Gedeon, Barak, and also Samson and Jephthae; David also, and Samuel, and the prophets:
11:33Who by faith subdued kingdoms, wrought justice, attained the promises, shut up the mouths of lions,
11:34Quenched the power of fire, escaped the mouth of the sword, were strengthened from weakness, were strong in war, turned away the armies of strangers.
11:35Women received their dead from rising up: and others were beaten, not receiving redemption; that they might attain a better resurrection.
11:36And others received trial of jestings and scourges, and further, of bonds and imprisonment:
11:37They were stoned, they were cut by sawing, they were tried, they died by the slaughter of the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being in want, pressed, treated ill;
11:38(Of whom the world was not worthy:) wandering about in solitary places, and mountains, and caves, and holes of the earth.
11:39And these all, having been testified of by faith, received not the promise:
11:40God having foreseen something better for us, that without us they should not be completed.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.