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Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



21:1And when they drew near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, to the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples, saying to them,
21:2Go ye into the town opposite to us, and quickly shall ye find an ass bound, and a colt with her; having loosed, bring to me.
21:3And if any one say to you, Why? ye shall say, That the Lord has need of them; and quickly will he send them.
21:4And the whole of this was, that that spoken by the prophet be completed; saying,
21:5Say to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy king comes to thee, meek, and mounted upon an ass, and a colt, son of a beast of burthen.
21:6And the disciples, having gone and done as Jesus commanded them,
21:7Brought the ass, and colt, and put on them their garments, and he sat over them.
21:8And a very great crowd strewed their garments in the way; and others cut down young shoots from the trees, and strewed in the way.
21:9And the crowds leading before, and following, cried, saying, Osanna to the son of David: he coming in the name of the Lord being praised; Osanna in the highest ones.
21:10And he having come to Jerusalem, all the city was shaken, saying, Who is this?
21:11And the crowds said, This is Jesus, the prophet, from Nazareth of Galilee.
21:12And Jesus came into the temple of God, and cast out all those selling and buying in the temple, and he overturned the money-changers' tables, and the seats of those selling doves,
21:13And he says to them, It was written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; and ye have made it a den of robbers.
21:14And the blind and lame came to him in the temple; and he cured them.
21:15And the chief priests and scribes, seeing the wonderful things which he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Osanna to the son of David; they felt pain.
21:16And they said to him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus says to them, Yes; have ye never read, That out of the mouths of young children and sucklings thou hast adjusted praise?
21:17And leaving them, he went without the city, to Bethany; and lodged there.
21:18And in the morn, having returned into the city, he hungered.
21:19And having seen one fig tree by the way, he came to it, and found nothing on it, except leaves only; and he says to it, Let no more fruit be from thee forever. And instantly the fig tree was dried up.
21:20And the disciples, seeing, wondered, saying, How suddenly was the fig tree dried up!
21:21And Jesus, having answered, said to them, Truly I say to you, if ye have faith, and be not removed, ye shall do not only that of the fig tree, but also to this mountain, if ye should say, Be thou lifted up, and cast into the sea, it shall be.
21:22And all things, whatever ye ask in prayer, believing, shall ye receive.
21:23And to him, having come into the temple to him teaching, came the chief priests and elders of the people, saying, By what authority doest thou these? and who gave thee this authority?
21:24And Jesus, having answered, said to them, I will also ask you one word, which if ye tell me, I also will tell you by what authority I do these.
21:25The baptism of John, whence was it of heaven or of men And they reasoned by themselves, saying, If we say, Of heaven; he will say to us, Why, then, believed ye him not?
21:26But if we say, Of men; we fear the crowd; for all hold John as a prophet.
21:27And having answered Jesus, they said, We know not. And he said to them, Neither do I say to you by what authority I do these.
21:28But what seems to you A man had two children; and having come to the first, he said, Child, retire to-day, work in my vineyard.
21:29And he, having answered, said, I will not; but afterward, having felt regret, he departed.
21:30And having come to the second, he said likewise. And he, having answered, said, I, Lord: and he departed not.
21:31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him, The first. Jesus says to them, Truly I say to you, that publicans and harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.
21:32For John came to you in the way of justice, and ye believed him not: and the publicans and harlots believed him; and ye, seeing, repented not afterwards, to believe him.
21:33Hear another parable: A certain man was master of a house, who planted a vineyard, and put a hedge around it, and digged in it a winepress, and let it out to farmers, and went abroad:
21:34And when the time of the fruits drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers, to receive his parts.
21:35And the farmers having taken his servants, truly one they stripped, and one they killed, and one they stoned.
21:36Again he sent other servants, more than the first, and they did to them likewise.
21:37And afterwards he sent to them his son, saying, They will be changed by my son.
21:38And the farmers, seeing the son, said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and possess his inheritance.
21:39And having taken, they cast out of the vineyard, and killed.
21:40When, therefore, the lord of the vineyard should come, what will he do to those farmers?
21:41They say to him, He will miserably destroy these wicked, and let out the vineyard to other farmers, who will give back to him the fruits in their seasons.
21:42Jesus says to them, Have ye never read in the writings, The stone which the builders disapproved of, this was for the head of the corner? This was from the Lord, and it was wonderful in your eyes.
21:43For this I say to you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and shall be given to a nation doing its fruits.
21:44And he falling upon this stone shall be crushed: but upon whomsoever it should fall, it shall winnow him.
21:45And the chief priests and Pharisees, having heard his parable, knew that he spake of them.
21:46And seeking to lay hold on him, they feared the crowd, since they held him as a prophet.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.