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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

 

   

27:1And when it was determined for us to sail to Italy, they delivered Paul and certain others bound to a centurion named Julius, of Augustus' band.
27:2And having embarked in a ship of Adramyttium, being about to navigate places in Asia, we were conveyed; Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us.
27:3And another day we were brought down to Sidon. And Julius having treated Paul affectionately, gave him up, having gone to his friends to obtain care.
27:4And conveyed from thence, we sailed to Cyprus, for the winds were contrary.
27:5And having sailed over the sea by Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came down to Myra, of Lycia.
27:6And there the centurion having found an Alexandrian ship sailing to Italy, placed us upon it.
27:7And in many days sailing slowly, and with difficulty having come to Cnidus, the wind not permitting us, we sailed under Crete, to Salmone;
27:8And, with difficulty sailing by it, we came to a certain place called The fair havens; to which the city Lasea was near.
27:9And a suitable time having intervened, and sailing being already dangerous, for the fast had already passed by, Paul advised,
27:10Saying to them, Men, I see that with violence and much damage, not only of the cargo and ship, but also of our lives, the voyage is about to be.
27:11But the centurion was rather persuaded by the pilot and the shipmaster, than by the things spoken by Paul.
27:12And the harbor being not suitable for passing the winter, the greater part took counsel to be conveyed from thence, if perhaps having arrived at Phenice, they may be able to pass the winter; a harbor of Crete, looking to the south west and to the country.
27:13And the south wind having blown softly, having thought to have obtained the purpose, hoisting up near, they sailed by Crete.
27:14And after not much a violent wind struck against it, called Enroclydon.
27:15And the ship having been caught, and not able to resist the wind, yielding we were carried away.
27:16And having run under a certain island called Clauda, with difficulty were we able to be commanding the boat:
27:17Which having taken up, they used helps, undergirding the ship: and fearing lest they might fall through into the quicksand, having loosened the vessel, so were they borne away.
27:18And we being exceedingly tempest tossed, the following day they made a casting of the cargo overboard;
27:19And the third, working with our bands, we cast out the rigging of the ship.
27:20And neither sun nor stars appearing for many days, and no small tempest impending, finally all hope for us to be saved was removed.
27:21And there being much abstinence from food, then Paul having stood in the midst of them, said, Truly it was fitting, O men, having obeyed me, not to be conveyed from Crete, and gain this violence and damage.
27:22And now I advise you to be cheerful: for there shall be no throwing away of soul from you, but of the ship.
27:23For the messenger of God stood by me in this night, whose I am, and whom I serve,
27:24Saying, Fear not, Paul; Thou must stand before Caesar: and, behold, God has bestowed on thee as a gift all these sailing with thee.
27:25Wherefore, O men, be cheerful: for I believe God, that so it shall be as he has spoken to me.
27:26But we must fall upon a certain island.
27:27And when it was the fourteenth night, we being carried up and down in Adria, at midnight the sailors supposed some country brought near them;
27:28And having sounded, they found twenty fathoms; and having removed a little, and again having sounded, they found fifteen fathoms.
27:29And fearing lest perhaps we might fall through into rough places, having cast four anchors from the stern, prayed for day to come.
27:30And the sailors seeking to flee out of the ship, and having loosened the boat to the sea, for a pretext as about to extend the anchors from the prow,
27:31Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these should remain in the ship, ye cannot be saved.
27:32Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat, and suffered it to fall off.
27:33And till it was about to be day, Paul besought all to take food, saying, Awaiting this day the fourteenth day, ye continue fasting, having taken nothing.
27:34Wherefore I beseech you to take food: for this is for your salvation: for not a hair of the head of one of you shall fall.
27:35And having said these, and having taken bread, he returned thanks to God before all: and having broken, he began to eat.
27:36And all being cheerful, these also received food.
27:37And we were, all the souls in the ship, two hundred and seventy-six.
27:38And satisfied with food, they lightened the ship, casting out the wheat into the sea.
27:39And when it was day, they knew not the land: and they observed a certain deep bay having a coast, into which they resolved, if able, to push the ship.
27:40And having in removed the anchors, they let go into the sea, at the same time having let loose the bonds of the rudders, and having lifted up the mizen mast, they held with the blast to the coast.
27:41And having fallen into a place between two seas, they caused the ship to strike; and truly the prow, fixed firmly, remained undisturbed, but the stern was loosed by force of the waves.
27:42And the soldiers' counsel was that they kill the prisoners, lest any, having swum away, may escape.
27:43But the centurion wishing to save Paul, hindered from the resolution; and he commanded those being able to swim, having cast off first, to come to land:
27:44And the rest, truly some on boards, and some on certain things from the ship. And so it was, all were saved upon the land.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.