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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

 

   

18:1And after these Paul having departed from Athens, came to Corinth;
18:2And having found a certain Jew by name Aquila, a Pontian by birth, having recently come from Italy, and Priscilla his wife; (for Claudius had ordered all Jews to be separated from Rome:) came to them.
18:3And because being of the same trade, he remained with them, and wrought: for they were by trade tentmakers.
18:4And he discussed in the synagogue on every sabbath, and persuaded Jews and Greeks.
18:5And when both Silas and Timothy came down from Macedonia, Paul was oppressed in spirit, testifying to the Jews Jesus Christ.
18:6And they opposing, and blaspheming, having shaken off the garments violently, he said to them, Your blood upon your head; I clean: from now will I go to the nations.
18:7And having gone away thence, he came to the house of a certain Justus by name, worshipping God, whose house was adjoining the synagogue.
18:8And Crispus, ruler of the synagogue, believed the Lord with his whole house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptised.
18:9And the Lord said through a vision by night to Paul, Fear not, but speak, and thou shouldest not be silent:
18:10For I am with thee, and none shall attack thee to injure thee: for much people are to me in this city.
18:11And he sat a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.
18:12And Gallio being proconsul of Achaia, the Jews arose unanimously against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat,
18:13Saying, This one persuades men to worship God against the law.
18:14And Paul being about to open the mouth, Gallio said to the Jews, If therefore it were truly any injustice or wicked, criminal action, O Jews, against the word, I should have borne with you:
18:15But if it is a question of the word, and names, and law, according to you, see ye yourselves; for I will not be judge of these.
18:16And he drave them away from the judgment seat.
18:17And all the Greeks having taken Sosthenes, ruler of the synagogue, beat before the judgment seat. And,Gallio cared for none of these.
18:18And Paul yet having remained sufficient days, having taken leave of the brethren, sailed out to Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn the head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow.
18:19And Paul arrived at Ephesus, and left those of his: and he having come into the synagogue, discussed with the Jews.
18:20And they asking to remain with them for more time, he acquiesced not;
18:21But he took leave of them, saying, I must at any rate do the coming festival in Jerusalem: and I will again return to you, God willing. And he was conveyed from Ephesus.
18:22And having come down to Cesarea having gone up and greeted the church, he went down to Antioch.
18:23And having made a certain time, he came out, passing in order the Galatian country and Phrygia, supporting all the disciples.
18:24And a certain Jew, Apollos by name, an Alexandrian by birth, an eloquent man, arrived at Ephesus, being able in the writings.
18:25He was instructed in the way of the Lord; and boiling up in the spirit, he spake and taught attentively the things of the Lord, knowing only the immersion of John.
18:26And he began to speak freely in the synagogue: and . Priscilla and Aquila having heard him, took him, and set forth to him the way of God more accurately.
18:27And he wishing to pass through to Achaia, the brethren having encouraged, wrote to the disciples to receive him: who having arrived, profited much them having believed through grace:
18:28For he mightily refuted the Jews publicly, shewing by the writings Jesus to be Christ.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.