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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



16:1And I place with you Phebe our sister, being servant of the church in Cenchrea:
16:2That ye receive her in the Lord, worthy of the holy ones, and encourage her in whatever thing she have need of you: for she also has been the rule of many, and of myself.
16:3Embrace Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:
16:4Who for my soul have laid down their own necks: to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the nations.
16:5And the church in their house. Embrace my beloved Epenetus, who is the first fruits of Achaia to Christ.
16:6Embrace Mary, who wearied for us.
16:7Embrace Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are distinguished among the sent, who also have been in Christ before me.
16:8Embrace ye Amplias my beloved in the Lord.
16:9Embrace Urban, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.
16:10Embrace Apelles acceptable in Christ. Embrace them of Aristobulus.
16:11Embrace Herodion my kinsman. Embrace them of Narcissus, them being in the Lord.
16:12Embrace Tryphen a and Tryphosa, wearied in the Lord. Embrace Persis the beloved, who was much wearied in the Lord.
16:13Embrace Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
16:14Embrace Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren with them.
16:15Embrace Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and Olympas, and all the holy ones with them.
16:16Embrace one another with a holy kiss. The churches of Christ embrace you.
16:17And I beseech you, brethren, to observe narrowly them having made divisions and scandals against the teaching which ye learned; and bend away from them.
16:18For such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by specious language and praise completely deceive the hearts of the innocent.
16:19For your obedience has come to all. Therefore I rejoice for you: and I wish you truly to be wise to good, and pure to evil.
16:20And the God of peace will rub together Satan under your feet swiftly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ with you.
16:21Timotheus my helper, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, embrace you.
16:22I Tertius embrace you, having written the epistle in the Lord.
16:23Gains my guest, and of the whole church, embraces you. Erastus steward of the city embraces you, and Quartus the brother.
16:24The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ with you all. Amen.
16:25And to him being able to support you according to my good news, and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery kept silent from eternal times,
16:26And now made manifest, also by the prophetic writings according to the command of the eternal God, for the obedience of faith made known to all nations:
16:27To the only wise God, by Jesus Christ, to whom glory forever. Amen.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.