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Coverdale Bible 1535



2:1Therfore canst thou not excuse thyselfe (O ma) who soeuer thou be that iudgest: for loke wherin thou iudgest another, thou condemnest thy selfe, in so moch as thou that iudgest, doest euen the same.
2:2For we are sure that the iudgment of God is (acordinge to the trueth) ouer them that do soch.
2:3But thinkest thou this O thou man, that iudgest them which do soch thinges, and doest euen the very same thy selfe, that thou shalt escape ye iudgmet of God?
2:4Or despysest thou the riches of his goodnesse, pacience, and loge sufferinge? Knowest thou not, that ye louynge kyndnesse of God leadeth the to repentaunce?
2:5But thou after thine harde and impenitent hert, heapest vnto thy selfe a treasure of wrath, agaynst the daye of wrath and of the openynge of the righteous iudgment of God,
2:6which shal rewarde euery man acordinge to his dedes:
2:7namely, prayse & honoure, and vncorrupcion, vnto them that with pacience in doinge good, seke euerlastinge life:
2:8But vnto them that are contencious & not obedient vnto the trueth, but obeye vnrighteousnes, shal come indignacion and wrath,
2:9trouble and anguysh vpo all the soules of me that do euell, of the Iewe first and also of the Greke:
2:10But vnto all the that do good (shal come) prayse and honoure, and peace, vnto the Iewe first, and also to the Greke.
2:11For there is no respecte of personnes before God: Who so euer haue synned without lawe,
2:12shal perish also without lawe: and whosoeuer haue synned in the lawe, shalbe iudged by the lawe.
2:13For before God, they are not righteous, which heare ye lawe: but they that do the lawe, shalbe iustified.
2:14For yf the Gentyles which haue not the lawe, do of nature the thinges conteyned in the lawe, then they hauynge not the lawe, are a lawe vnto them selues,
2:15in that they shewe, that the worke of ye lawe is wrytte in their hertes: whyle their conscience beareth witnesse vnto the, and also the thoughtes which accuse or excuse them amonge them selues,
2:16in the daye whan God shal iudge the secretes of men by Iesus Christ, acordinge to my Gospell.
2:17But take hede, thou art called a Iewe, and trustest in the lawe, & makest thy boost of God,
2:18and knowest his will: & for so moch as thou art enfourmed out of ye lawe,
2:19thou prouest what is best to do, and presumest to be a leader of the blynde: a lighte of them yt are in darcknes:
2:20an enformer of ye vnwyse: a teacher of ye symple: which hast the ensample of knowlege & of the trueth in the lawe.
2:21Now teachest thou other, and teachest not thy selfe. Thou preachest that a man shulde not steale, and thou stealest.
2:22Thou sayest, that a man shulde not breake wedlocke, and thou breakest wedlocke. Thou abhorrest ymages, and robbest God of his honoure.
2:23Thou makest thy boost of the lawe, and thorow breakynge of the lawe thou dishonorest God.
2:24For thorow you is the name of God euell spoken of amonge the Gentyles, as it is wrytten.
2:25The circucision verely avayleth, yf thou kepe the lawe: but yf thou breake the lawe, then is thy circumcision become vncircumcision.
2:26Therfore yf the vncircumcision kepe the righte thinges conteyned in the lawe, shal not his vncircumcision be counted for circumcision?
2:27And so it that of nature is vncircumcision, and fulfilleth the lawe shal iudge the, which vnder the letter and circumcision trasgressest the lawe.
2:28For he is not a Iew which is a Iewe outwarde: nether is that circucision which is done outwardly in ye flesh:
2:29But he is a Iewe, which is hydd within. And the circumcision of ye hert is the circumcision, which is done in the sprete and not in the letter: Whoseprayse is not of men, but of God.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.