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Coverdale Bible 1535



4:1And he begane agayne to teach by ye seeside. And there gathered moch people vnto him, so that he wente in to a shippe, and sat vpon the water. And all the people stode vpon the londe by the see syde.
4:2And he preached longe vnto the by parables, and sayde vnto the in his doctryne:
4:3Herken to, beholde, there wente out a sower to sowe:
4:4& it happened whyle he was sowinge, that some fell by the waye syde. Then came the foules vnder the heauen, and ate it vp.
4:5Some fell vpon stonye grounde, where it had not moch earth: and anone it came vp, because it had not depe earth.
4:6Now wha the Sonne arose, it caught heate: and in so moch as it had no rote, it wythred awaye.
4:7And some fel amonge the thornes, & the thornes grew vp, and choked it, and it gaue no frute.
4:8And some fell vpon a good grounde, which gaue frute, that came vp and grew. And some bare thirtie folde, and some sixtie folde, and some an hundreth folde,
4:9And he sayde vnto them: Who so hath eares to heare, let him heare.
4:10And whan he was alone, they that were aboute him wt the twolue, axed him concernynge this parable.
4:11And he sayde vnto the: Vnto you it is geuen, to knowe the mystery of the kyngdome of God: but vnto them that are without, all thinges happen by parables,
4:12that with seynge eyes they maye se, and not discerne: and that with hearinge eares they maye heare, and not vnderstode, lest at eny tyme they turne, and their synnes be forgeuen them.
4:13And he sayde vnto them: Vnderstonde ye not this parable? How wyl ye then vnderstonde all other parables?
4:14The sower soweth the worde.
4:15These be they that are by the waye syde: where the worde is sowne, and as soone as they haue herde it, immediatly commeth Satha, and taketh awaye the worde that was sowen in their hertes.
4:16And likewyse are they that are sowen on the stonye grounde: which when they haue herde the worde, receaue it with ioye,
4:17and haue no rote in them: but endure for a tyme. When trouble and persecucion aryseth for ye wordes sake, immediatly they are offended.
4:18And these are they that are sowen amoge the thornes: which heare the worde,
4:19and ye carefulues of this worlde, and the disceatfulnes of riches, and many other lustes entre in, and choke the worde, and so is it made vnfrutefull.
4:20And these are they yt are sowen vpo a good grounde: Which heare ye worde, and receaue it, and brynge forth frute: some thirtie folde, and some sixtie folde, and some an hundreth folde.
4:21And he sayde vnto the: Is a candle lighted to be put vnder a busshell, or vnder a table? Is it not lighted, to be set vpon a candelsticke?
4:22For there is nothinge hyd, that shal not be openly shewed: and there is nothinge secrete, yt shal not be knowne.
4:23Who so hath eares to heare, let him heare.
4:24And he sayde vnto them: Take hede what ye heare. With what measure ye mete, with the same shal it be measured vnto you agayne. And vnto you that heare this, shal more be geuen.
4:25For who so hath, vnto him shal be geuen: and who so hath not, from him shalbe taken awaye, euen that he hath.
4:26And he sayde: The kyngdome of God is after this maner, as when a man casteth sede vpon the londe,
4:27and slepeth, and stondeth vp night and daye, and the sede spryngeth vp, & groweth, he not knowinge of it.
4:28(For the earth bryngeth forth frute of her selfe: first the grasse, afterwarde the eare, then the full wheate in the eare)
4:29But whan she hath brought forth the frute, he putteth to the syckell, because the haruest is come.
4:30And he sayde: Where vnto wyl we licken the kyngdome of God? Or by what symilitude wyl we compare it?
4:31It is like a grayne of mustarde sede, which wha it is sowe vpo the londe, is the leest amonge all sedes of the earth.
4:32And wha it is sowen, it groweth vp, and is greater then all herbes, and getteth greate braunches, so yt the foules vnder the heaue maye dwell vnder ye shadowe therof.
4:33And by many soch parables he spake the worde vnto the, there after as they might heare it,
4:34& without parables spake he nothinge vnto them: but vnto his disciples he expounded all thinges pryuately.
4:35And the same daye at euen he sayde vnto them: let us passe ouer.
4:36And they let the people go, and toke him as he was in the shippe, and there were mo shippes with him.
4:37And there arose a greate storme of wynde, and dasshed the wawes in to the shippe, so that the shippe was full.
4:38And he was behynde in the shippe and slepte vpon a pelowe. And they awoke him & sayde vnto him: Master, Carest thou not, that we perishe?
4:39And he arose, and rebuked ye wynde, and sayde vnto the see: Peace, and be styll, And the wynde was layed, & there folowed a greate calme.
4:40And he sayde vnto them: Why are ye so fearfull? How is it, that ye haue no faith?
4:41And they feared exceadingly, & sayde one to another: What is he this? For wynde and see are obedient vnto him.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.