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Coverdale Bible 1535



2:1And ye LORDE spake vnto Moses and Aaron, & sayde:
2:2The childre of Israel shal pitch rounde aboute ye Tabernacle of wytnesse, euery one vnder his banner & tokens, after their fathers houses.
2:3On the East syde shall Iuda pitch with his banner & hoost, their captayne Nahasson the sonne of Aminadab.
2:4And his armie in the summe, foure & seuentie thousande and sixe hundreth.
2:5Nexte vnto him shal the trybe of Isachar pitch, their captayne Nathaneel the sonne of Zuar:
2:6and his armye in the summe, foure and fiftye thousande and foure hundreth.
2:7The trybe of Zabulon also, their captayne Eliab the sonne of Helon:
2:8his armye in the summe, seuen and fiftie thousande and foure hundreth.
2:9So yt all they which beloge to ye hoost of Iuda, be in the summe an C. sixe and foure score thousande, & foure hundreth be longinge to their armye, & they shall go before.
2:10On the South side shall lye the pauylions & baner of Ruben wt their hoost, their captaine Elizur ye sonne of Sedeur:
2:11& his armie in the summe, sixe & fourtie thousande, & fyue C.
2:12Nexte vnto him shal the trybe of Simeon pitch, their captayne Selumiel ye sonne of Zuri Sadai:
2:13& his armie in ye summe, nyne and fiftie thousande, and thre hundreth.
2:14The trybe of Gad also, their captayne Eliasaph ye sonne of Deguel:
2:15& his armye in the summe, fyue & fourtye thousande, sixe hundreth & fiftie.
2:16So that all they which belonge to the hoost of Ruben, be in the summe, an hundreth, one & fiftie thousande, foure hudreth and fiftye, belonginge to their armye. And they shall be the seconde in the iourney.
2:17After that shall the Tabernacle of wytnesse go wt the hoost of the Leuites eue in ye myddes amoge the hoostes: & as they lye in their tentes, so shal they go forth also, euery one in his place vnder his baner.
2:18On the West syde shall lye ye pauylions & baner of Ephraim wt their hoost: their captayne shalbe Elisama sonne of Amihud,
2:19and his armye in the summe, fourtye thousande and fyue hundreth.
2:20Nexte vnto him shal ye trybe of Manasse pitch, their captayne Gamaliel the sonne of Pedazur:
2:21his armye in the summe, two and thirtie thousande & two hudreth.
2:22The trybe of Ben Iamin also, their captayne Abidan the sonne of Gedeoni:
2:23his armye in the summe, fyue and thirtie thousande & foure hundreth.
2:24So yt all they which belonge to the hoost of Ephraim, be in the summe, an hundreth thousande, eight thousande, & an hudreth, belonginge to his armie. And they shal be the thirde in the iourney.
2:25On the North syde shal lye ye pauylions & baner of Dan with their hoost: their captayne Ahieser ye sonne of Ammi Sadai,
2:26his armye in the summe, two and sixtye thousande and seue hundreth.
2:27Nexte vnto him shal the trybe of Asser pitche: their captayne Pagiel ye sonne of Ochran,
2:28his army in the summe, one and fourtie thousande, and fyue hundreth.
2:29The trybe of Nephthali also, their captayne Ahira the sonne of Enan:
2:30his armye in the summe, thre & fiftye thousande & foure hudreth.
2:31So yt all they which belonge to the hoost of Dan, be in the summe, an hudreth thousande, seuen & fiftie thousande, & sixe hundreth. And they shalbe the last in the iourney with their baners.
2:32This is the summe of the children of Israel, after their fathers houses and armyes with their hoostes: euen sixe hundreth thousande, & thre thousande, fyue hudreth & fiftie.
2:33But ye Leuites were not nombred in ye summe amonge the childre of Israel, as ye LORDE comaunded Moses.
2:34And ye childre of Israel dyd all as the LORDE comaunded Moses. And so they pitched vnder their baners, & toke their iourney, euery one in his kynred, acordinge to the house of their fathers.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.