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Coverdale Bible 1535



3:1Bvt yf his offerynge be a deedofferinge of greate catell (whether it be oxe or cowe) then shal he offre soch as is without blemysh before the LORDE,
3:2& shal laie his hande vpon the heade of it, and kyll it before the dore of the Tabernacle of wytnesse. And the prestes Aarons sonnes, shall sprenkle the bloude rounde aboute vpon the altare,
3:3and shal offre of ye deadofferynge vnto the LORDE: namely, all the fat that is within,
3:4and the two kydneyes with the fat that is theron vpon the loynes, and the nett on the leuer vpo the kydneyes also.
3:5And Aarons sonnes shal burne it vpon the altare for a burntofferynge, euen vpon the wod that lyeth on the fyre. This is an offerynge of a swete sauoure vnto the LORDE.
3:6Yf his deadofferynge be of small catell, whether it be male or female, it shal be without blemish:
3:7Yf it be a lambe, then shall he brynge it before the LORDE,
3:8& shal laye his hande vpon the heade of it, and sleye it before the Tabernacle of wytnesse. And Aarons sonnes shal sprenkle his bloude rounde aboute vpon the altare,
3:9and so offre of the deadofferynge vnto the LORDE: namely, the fat of it, all the rompe with the backe, and the fat that couereth the bowels, with all ye fat that is within,
3:10and the two kydneys with the fat that is theron vpon the loynes, & the nett on the leuer vpon the kydneys also.
3:11And the prest shal burne it vpon the altare, for ye meate of the offerynge vnto ye LORDE.
3:12But yf his offeringe be a goate, and bringeth it before the LORDE,
3:13he shal laye his hande vpon the heade of it, and kyll it before the Tabernacle of wytnesse. And Aarons sonnes shal sprekle the bloude rounde aboute vpo the altare,
3:14& shal offer therof a sacrifice vnto the LORDE: namely, the fat yt couereth the bowels, and all the fat yt is within,
3:15the two kydneys with the fat that is theron vpon the loynes, & the net on the leuer vpon the kydneys.
3:16And the prest shal burne it vpo the altare, for the meate of the sacrifice to a swete sauoure.
3:17All the fatt is the LORDES. Let this be a perpetuall lawe amonge yor posterities in all youre dwellynges, that ye eate no fatt, ner bloude.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.