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Textus Receptus Bibles

Geneva Bible 1560

 

   

7:1For this Melchi-sedec was King of Salem, the Priest of the most high God, who met Abraham, as he returned from the slaughter of the Kings, and blessed him:
7:2To whom also Abraham gaue the tithe of all things: who first is by interpretation King of righteousnes: after that, he is also King of Salem, that is, King of peace,
7:3Without father, without mother, without kinred, and hath neither beginning of his dayes, neither ende of life: but is likened vnto the Sonne of God, and continueth a Priest for euer.
7:4Nowe consider how great this man was, vnto whome euen the Patriarke Abraham gaue the tithe of the spoyles.
7:5For verely they which are the childre of Leui, which receiue the office of the Priesthode, haue a commandement to take, according to the Law, tithes of the people (that is, of their bethren) though they came out of ye loynes of Abraham.
7:6But he whose kindred is not couted among them, receiued tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises.
7:7And without all contradiction the lesse is blessed of the greater.
7:8And here men that die, receiue tithes: but there he receiueth them, of whome it is witnessed, that he liueth.
7:9And to say as the thing is, Leui also which receiueth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham.
7:10For hee was yet in the loynes of his father Abraham, when Melchi-sedec met him.
7:11If therefore perfection had bene by the Priesthoode of the Leuites (for vnder it the Lawe was established to the people) what needed it furthermore, that another Priest should rise after the order of Melchi-sedec, and not to be called after the order of Aaron?
7:12For if the Priesthood be changed, then of necessitie must there be a change of the Lawe.
7:13For hee of whome these things are spoken, perteineth vnto another tribe, whereof no man serued at the altar.
7:14For it is euident, that our Lord sprung out of Iuda, concerning the which tribe Moses spake nothing, touching the Priesthood.
7:15And it is yet a more euident thing, because that after the similitude of Melchi-sedec, there is risen vp another Priest,
7:16Which is not made Priest after the Law of the carnal commandement, but after the power of the endlesse life.
7:17For hee testifieth thus, Thou art a Priest for euer, after the order of Melchi-sedec.
7:18For the commandement that went afore, is disanulled, because of the weakenes thereof, and vnprofitablenes.
7:19For the Law made nothing perfite, but the bringing in of a better hope made perfite, whereby we drawe neere vnto God.
7:20And for as much as it is not without an othe (for these are made Priestes without an othe:
7:21But this is made with an othe by him that said vnto him, The Lord hath sworne, and will not repent, Thou art a Priest for euer, after the order of Melchi-sedec)
7:22By so much is Iesus made a suretie of a better Testament.
7:23And among them many were made Priests, because they were not suffered to endure, by the reason of death.
7:24But this man, because hee endureth euer, hath a Priesthood, which cannot passe from one to another.
7:25Wherefore, hee is able also perfectly to saue them that come vnto God by him, seeing he euer liueth, to make intercession for them.
7:26For such an hie Priest it became vs to haue, which is holy, harmelesse, vndefiled, separate from sinners, and made hier then the heauens:
7:27Which needeth not daily as those hie Priests to offer vp sacrifice, first for his owne sinnes, and then for the peoples: for that did he once, when he offered vp himselfe.
7:28For the Law maketh men hie Priestes, which haue infirmitie: but the word of the othe that was since the Lawe, maketh the Sonne, who is consecrated for euermore.
Geneva Bible 1560

Geneva Bible 1560

The Geneva Bible is one of the most influential and historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James translation by 51 years. It was the primary Bible of 16th century Protestantism and was the Bible used by William Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, and John Bunyan. The language of the Geneva Bible was more forceful and vigorous and because of this, most readers strongly preferred this version at the time.

The Geneva Bible was produced by a group of English scholars who, fleeing from the reign of Queen Mary, had found refuge in Switzerland. During the reign of Queen Mary, no Bibles were printed in England, the English Bible was no longer used in churches and English Bibles already in churches were removed and burned. Mary was determined to return Britain to Roman Catholicism.

The first English Protestant to die during Mary's turbulent reign was John Rogers in 1555, who had been the editor of the Matthews Bible. At this time, hundreds of Protestants left England and headed for Geneva, a city which under the leadership of Calvin, had become the intellectual and spiritual capital of European Protestants.

One of these exiles was William Whittingham, a fellow of Christ Church at Oxford University, who had been a diplomat, a courtier, was much traveled and skilled in many languages including Greek and Hebrew. He eventually succeeded John Knox as the minister of the English congregation in Geneva. Whittingham went on to publish the 1560 Geneva Bible.

This version is significant because, it came with a variety of scriptural study guides and aids, which included verse citations that allow the reader to cross-reference one verse with numerous relevant verses in the rest of the Bible, introductions to each book of the Bible that acted to summarize all of the material that each book would cover, maps, tables, woodcut illustrations, indices, as well as other included features, all of which would eventually lead to the reputation of the Geneva Bible as history's very first study Bible.