Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



20:1For the kingdom of the heavens is like to a man, master of a house, who went out as soon as morning to hire workmen for his vineyard.
20:2And having agreed for a drachma a day, he sent them to his vineyard.
20:3And having gone out about the third hour, he saw others standing idle in the market-place,
20:4And he says to them, Retire ye also into the vineyard, and whatever should be just I will give you: and they departed.
20:5Again, having gone out about the sixth and ninth hour, he did likewise.
20:6And about the eleventh hour, having gone out, he found others standing idle, and he says to them, Why stand ye here idle the whole day?
20:7They say to him, That none has hired us. He says to them, Retire also to the vineyard; and whatever be just, ye shall receive.
20:8And it being evening, the lord of the vineyard says to his steward, Call the workmen, and give back to them the wages, beginning from the last even to the first.
20:9And they of the eleventh hour having come, thereupon received a drachma.
20:10And the first, having come, thought that they will receive more; and they also received thereupon a drachma.
20:11And having received, they murmured against the master of the house,
20:12Saying, That these last worked one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, having borne the burden and heat of the day.
20:13And he, having answered, said to one of them, Friend, I injure thee not; didst not thou agree with me for a drachma?
20:14Take thine and retire: and I will to give to this last, as also to thee.
20:15Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with my things? Or is thine eye evil because I am good
20:16So shall the last be first, and the first last; for many are called, but few chosen.
20:17And Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and he said to them,
20:18Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,
20:19And they shall deliver him to the nations to mock, and scourge, and crucify: and he shall be raised the third day.
20:20Then came to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee, with her sons, worshipping, and asking something of him.
20:21And he said to her, What wilt thou? She says to him, Say that these my two sons might sit, the one on thy right hand, and one on thy left, in thy kingdom.
20:22And Jesus having answered, said, Ye know not what ye ask: can ye drink the cup which I am about to drink, and be immersed with the immersion which I am immersed? They say to him, We can.
20:23And he says to them, Truly my cup shall ye drink, and with the immersion which I am immersed shall ye be immersed; but to sit on my right, and on my left, is not mine to give, but to those it was prepared for by my Father.
20:24And the ten having heard, felt pain about the two brethren.
20:25But Jesus, having called them, said, Ye know that the rulers rule over their nations, and the great exercise authority over them.
20:26But it shall not be so among you; but whoever should wish to be great among you, let him be your attendant;
20:27And whoever would be first among you, let him be your servant:
20:28As the Son of man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his soul a ransom for many.
20:29And they going out from Jericho, a great crowd followed him.
20:30And, behold, two blind sitting by the way, having heard that Jesus passes by, cried out, saying, Pity us, O Lord, son of David.
20:31And the crowd censured them that they should be silent: but they cried the more, saying, Pity us, O Lord, son of David.
20:32And Jesus having stood, called them, and said, What will ye I shall do to you?
20:33They say to him, Lord, that our eyes might be opened.
20:34And Jesus, having felt compassion, touched their eyes: and quickly their eyes looked up, and they followed him.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.