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Textus Receptus Bibles

Geneva Bible 1560

 

   

2:1If there be therfore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of loue, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any compassion and mercie,
2:2Fulfill my ioye, that ye be like minded, hauing the same loue, being of one accorde, and of one iudgement,
2:3That nothing be done through contention or vaine glory, but that in meekenesse of minde euery man esteeme other better then himselfe.
2:4Looke not euery man on his owne things, but euery man also on the things of other men.
2:5Let the same minde be in you that was euen in Christ Iesus,
2:6Who being in ye forme of God, thought it no robberie to be equall with God:
2:7But he made himself of no reputation, and tooke on him ye forme of a seruant, and was made like vnto men, and was founde in shape as a man.
2:8He humbled himselfe, and became obedient vnto the death, euen the death of the Crosse.
2:9Wherefore God hath also highly exalted him, and giuen him a Name aboue euery name,
2:10That at the Name of Iesus shoulde euery knee bowe, both of things in heauen, and things in earth, and things vnder the earth,
2:11And that euery tongue shoulde confesse that Iesus Christ is the Lord, vnto the glory of God the Father.
2:12Wherefore my beloued, as ye haue alwayes obeyed me, not as in my presence only, but now much more in mine absence, so make an end of your owne saluation with feare and trembling.
2:13For it is God which worketh in you, both the will and the deede, euen of his good pleasure.
2:14Do all things without murmuring and reasonings,
2:15That ye may be blamelesse, and pure, and the sonnes of God without rebuke in the middes of a naughtie and crooked nation, among whom yee shine as lights in the world,
2:16Holding forth the worde of life, that I may reioyce in the day of Christ, that I haue not runne in vaine, neither haue laboured in vaine.
2:17Yea, and though I bee offered vp vpon the sacrifice, and seruice of your faith, I am glad, and reioyce with you all.
2:18For the same cause also be ye glad, and reioyce with me.
2:19And I trust in the Lord Iesus, to sende Timotheus shortly vnto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I knowe your state.
2:20For I haue no man like minded, who will faithfully care for your matters.
2:21For all seeke their owne, and not that which is Iesus Christes.
2:22But yee knowe the proofe of him, that as a sonne with the father, hee hath serued with me in the Gospel.
2:23Him therefore I hope to send assoone as I knowe howe it will goe with me,
2:24And trust in the Lord, that I also my selfe shall come shortly.
2:25But I supposed it necessarie to sende my brother Epaphroditus vnto you, my companion in labour, and fellowe souldier, euen your messenger, and he that ministred vnto me such things as I wanted.
2:26For he longed after all you, and was full of heauinesse, because yee had heard that hee had beene sicke.
2:27And no doubt he was sicke, very neere vnto death: but God had mercie on him, and not on him onely, but on me also, least I should haue sorowe vpon sorowe.
2:28I sent him therefore the more diligently, that when yee shoulde see him againe, yee might reioyce, and I might be the lesse sorowfull.
2:29Receiue him therefore in the Lord with all gladnesse, and make much of such:
2:30Because that for the woorke of Christ he was neere vnto death, and regarded not his life, to fulfill that seruice which was lacking on your part towarde me.
Geneva Bible 1560

Geneva Bible 1560

The Geneva Bible is one of the most influential and historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James translation by 51 years. It was the primary Bible of 16th century Protestantism and was the Bible used by William Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, and John Bunyan. The language of the Geneva Bible was more forceful and vigorous and because of this, most readers strongly preferred this version at the time.

The Geneva Bible was produced by a group of English scholars who, fleeing from the reign of Queen Mary, had found refuge in Switzerland. During the reign of Queen Mary, no Bibles were printed in England, the English Bible was no longer used in churches and English Bibles already in churches were removed and burned. Mary was determined to return Britain to Roman Catholicism.

The first English Protestant to die during Mary's turbulent reign was John Rogers in 1555, who had been the editor of the Matthews Bible. At this time, hundreds of Protestants left England and headed for Geneva, a city which under the leadership of Calvin, had become the intellectual and spiritual capital of European Protestants.

One of these exiles was William Whittingham, a fellow of Christ Church at Oxford University, who had been a diplomat, a courtier, was much traveled and skilled in many languages including Greek and Hebrew. He eventually succeeded John Knox as the minister of the English congregation in Geneva. Whittingham went on to publish the 1560 Geneva Bible.

This version is significant because, it came with a variety of scriptural study guides and aids, which included verse citations that allow the reader to cross-reference one verse with numerous relevant verses in the rest of the Bible, introductions to each book of the Bible that acted to summarize all of the material that each book would cover, maps, tables, woodcut illustrations, indices, as well as other included features, all of which would eventually lead to the reputation of the Geneva Bible as history's very first study Bible.