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Coverdale Bible 1535



42:1Then caried he me out in to the fore courte towarde the north, & brought me in to the chambre that stode ouer agaynst the backebuyldinge northwarde, which had the length of an C. cubites, whose dore turned towarde the north.
42:2The wydenesse conteyned L. cubites,
42:3ouer agaynst the xx. cubites of the ynnermer courte, & agaynst the paued worke that was in the fore courte. Besyde all these thre there stode pilers, one ouer against another:
42:4And before this chabre there was a walkinge place of x. cubites wyde, and within was a waye of one cubite wyde, and their dores towarde the north.
42:5Thus the hyest chambres were allwaye narower then the lowest and myddelmost of ye buildinge:
42:6for they bare chambre vpon chambre, and stode thre together one vpon another, not hauynge pilers like the fore courte: therfore were they smaller then those beneth and in the myddest, to reken from the grounde vpwarde.
42:7The wall without that stode by ye chambres towarde the vttemost courte vpon the fore syde of the chambres, was L. cubites loge:
42:8for the legth of ye vttemost chambers in the fore courte was L. cubites also: but the length therof before the temple was an C. cubites.
42:9These chambres had vnder them an intraunce of the east syde, wherby a man might go into them out of the fore courte,
42:10thorow the thicke wall of the fore courte towarde the east, right ouer agaynst the separated buyldinge.
42:11Before the same buyldinge vpo this syde there were chabers also which, had a waye vnto them, like as the chambers on the north syde of the same length and wydenesse. Their intraunce, fashion and dores were all of the same maner.
42:12Yee euen like as the other chamber dores were, so were those also of the south syde. And before the waye towarde the syngers steppes on the east syde, there stode a dore to go in at.
42:13Then sayde he vnto me: The chambers towarde the north & the south, which stode before the backe buyldinge: those be holy habitacions, wherin the prestes that do seruyce before the LORDE, must eate the most holy offringes: and there must they laye the most holy offringes: meatoffringes, synneoffringes & trespace offringes, for it is an holy place.
42:14When the prestes come therin, they shal not go out in to the fore courte: but (seynge they be holy) they shall leaue the clothes of their ministracion, and put on other garmentes, when they haue eny thinge to do with the people.
42:15Now when he had measured all the ynnermer house, he brought me forth thorow the east porte, and measured the same rounde aboute.
42:16He measured the east syde with ye meterodde, which rounde aboute conteyned v.C.meteroddes.
42:17And the north syde measured he, which conteyned rounde aboute euen so moch.
42:18The other two sydes also towarde the south
42:19and the west (which he measured) conteyned ether of them v.C. meteroddes.
42:20So he measured all ye foure sydes where there wente a wall rounde aboute v.C. meteroddes longe, and as brode also, which separated the holy from the vnholy.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.